Social Media

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Ahy, Maximillian Hänska. “Networked communication and the Arab Spring: Linking broadcast and social media.” New Media & Society (2014): 1461444814538634.

Allam, Nermin. “Arab Revolutions: Breaking Fear| Blesses and Curses: Virtual Dissidence as a Contentious Performance in the Arab Spring’s Repertoire of Contention.” International Journal of Communication 8 (2014): 18.

Alterman, Jon B. “The Revolution Will Not Be Tweeted.” Washington Quarterly 34, no. 4 (2011): 103-116.

Aly, Ramy. “Rebuilding Egyptian Media for a Democratic Future.” Arab Media & Society 14 (2011), available at 20110531104306_Aly.pdf.

Dajani, Nabil. “Technology Cannot a Revolution Make: Nas-book not Facebook.” Arab Media & Society 15 (2012), available at downloads/20120410222805_Dajani_Nabil.pdf.

Hassan, Robert. “‘Not Ready for Democracy:’ Social Networking and the Power of the People; The Revolts of 2011 in a Temporalized Context.” Arab Media & Society 15 (2012), available at Hassan_Robert.pdf.

Hounshell, Blake. “Opening Gambit: The Revolution Will Be Tweeted.” Foreign Policy 187 (2011): 20-22.

Howard, Philip N. and Muzammil M. Hussain. “The Role of Digital Media.” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 3 (2011): 35-48.

Khamis, Sahar and Katherine Vaughn. “Cyberactivism in the Egyptian Revolution: How Civic Engagement and Citizen Journalism Tilted the Balance.” Arab Media & Society 13 (2011), available at

Khamis, Sahar, Paul B. Gold, and Katherine Vaughn. “Beyond Egypt’s ‘Facebook Revolution’ and Syria’s ‘YouTube Uprising:’ Comparing Political Contexts, Actors and Communication Strategies.” Arab Media & Society 15 (2012), available at http://www.

Lynch, Marc. “After Egypt: The Limits and Promise of Online Challenges to the Authoritarian Arab.” Perspectives on Politics 9, no. 2 (2011): 301-310.

Markham, Tim. “Social media, protest cultures and political subjectivities of the Arab spring.” Media, Culture & Society 36.1 (2014): 89-104.

Peterson, Mark Allen. “Egypt’s Media Ecology in a Time of Revolution.” Arab Media & Society 14 (2011), available at downloads/20110531103710_Peterson.pdf.

Al-Rawi, Ahmed K. “Arab Revolutions: Breaking Fear| The Arab Spring & Online Protests in Iraq.” International Journal of Communication 8 (2014): 27.

Samin, Nadav. “Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and the Social Media Moment.” Arab Media & Society 15 (2012), available at 20120410221601_Samin_Nadav.pdf.

Skalli, Loubna Hanna. “Young women and social media against sexual harassment in North Africa.” The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014): 244-258.

Snowdon, Peter. “The Revolution Will be Uploaded: Vernacular Video and the Arab Spring.” Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research 6 (2014).

Tudoroiu, Theodor. “Social Media and Revolutionary Waves: the Case of the Arab Spring.” New Political Science ahead-of-print (2014): 1-20.

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