Mohammad Ali Kadivar of Boston College joins Marc Lynch on this week’s podcast to discuss his book, Popular Politics and the Path to Durable Democracy. The book challenges the prevailing wisdom in American foreign policy that democratization can be achieved through military or coercive interventions, revealing how lasting change arises from sustained, nonviolent grassroots mobilization. (Starts at 0:54). Killian Clarke of Georgetown University discusses his new article, “Ambivalent allies: How inconsistent foreign support dooms new democracies.” (Starts at 32:53). Shreya Parikh discusses the recent wave of anti-African/anti-immigrant/anti-black sentiments unleashed by President Kais Saied in Tunisia. You can read her recent article, “Making Tunisia non-African again – Saied’s anti-Black campaign” here. (Starts at 50:02).