The study of Islamist movements has often implicitly meant the study of Sunni Islamist movements. An enormous amount of political science scholarship has dissected the ideology, organization, and political strategy of Sunni Islamist movements.However these academic communities that study Sunni Islamism often proceed without any interaction with the academic communities that study Iran or Shi’a politics in Arab countries. Studies of Iran and of Shi’a movements similarly often proceed in isolation from the literature on the Arab world or Sunni Islamist movements. This is unfortunate, because Sunni and Shi’a Islamist political dynamics engage many similar theoretical or intellectual issues and could offer each other critically important comparative perspective.
Therefore, on October 13, 2017, POMEPS convened an interdisciplinary workshop of scholars of Shi’a politics to discuss these questions and to probe the similarities and differences between the two academic communities. We are delighted to publish this collection of essays resulting from that workshop. The essays range widely, both thematically and geographically, and together offer a deeply informed and often surprising portrait of political changes across very different contexts. They also reveal the profound methodological and intellectual divides between the academic communities studying Sunni and Shi’a Islamism.
The essays in this collection range broadly over these issues and represent a starting point for the development of a research community. In the coming years, we hope to see much more attention paid to the comparative study of Sunni and Shia Islamism across diverse contexts. Bridging these linguistic, analytical, methodological and political divides would be an important step forward in the broader understanding of Islamist politics. Download the full collection here!
Introduction: Shi’a Politics in the Middle East, Marc Lynch, George Washington University
The Ayatollahs and the Republic: The religious establishment in Iran and its interaction with the Islamic Republic, Ali Kadivar, Brown University
The Najafi Marja‘iyya in the Age of Iran’s Vali-ye Faqih (Guardian Jurist): Can it Resist?, Elvire Corboz, Aarhus University
The Source of Legitimacy in the Guardianship of the Jurist: Historical Genealogy Political Implications, Farzan Sabet, The Graduate Institute, Geneva and Roozbeh Safshekan, University of Alberta
Becoming Hezbollahi: Religion and the Unintended Consequences of Propaganda in Post-2009 Iran, Shirin Saeidi, The European Centre for the Study of Extremism
Unpacking the Welfare-Politics Nexus in the Islamic Republic of Iran, Kevan Harris, University of California, Los Angeles
Sectarian Unity as a Form of Governmentality: Assessing the dynamics of Development Policy Making in Lebanon’s Shi’a Territories, Diana Zeidan, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, IRIS
The Iranian Revolution and Sunni Political Islam, Toby Matthiesen, University of Oxford
The Transformation of Shia Politics in the Gulf Monarchies, Laurence Louër, Sciences Po CERI, Paris
Tilly goes to Baghdad: How the War with Daʿesh can create a Shiʿa State, Marsin Rahim Alshamary, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Alawite Revivalism in Syria, Hussein Abou Saleh, Sciences Po
Bringing the ‘Other Islamists’ back in: Sunni and Shia Islamism(s) in a sectarianized new Middle East, Morten Valbjørn, Aarhus University