Arab Uprisings Bibliography – Articles

last updated: October 26, 2015

Abaza, Mona. “Post January revolution Cairo: Urban wars and the reshaping of public space.” Theory, Culture & Society (2014): 0263276414549264.

Abdelrahman, Maha. “In Praise of Organization: Egypt Between Activism and Revolution.” Development and Change 44, no.3 (2013), 569-85.

Abdelrahman, Maha. “A hierarchy of struggles? The economic and the political in Egypt’s revolution.” Review of African Political Economy 39 (2012): 614-28.

Abdelbaki, Hisham. “The Arab Spring: Do We Need a New Theory?” Modern Economy 4 (2013), 187-196.

Aday, Sean, Henry Farrell, Deen Freelon, Marc Lynch and John Sides. New Media and Conflict After the Arab Spring. US Institute for Peace (2012).

Aday, Sean, et al., “Watching from Afar: Media Consumption Patterns Around the Arab Spring.” American Behavioral Scientist 57, no.4 (2013).

Adely, Fida. “The Emergence of a New Labor Movement in Jordan.” Middle East Report 264 (2012).

Adler-Nissen, Rebecca, and Vincent Pouliot. “Power in Practice: Negotiating the International Intervention in Libya.” European Journal of International Relations (2014): 1354066113512702.

Affaya, Mohammed Noureddine. “The ‘Arab Spring’: Breaking the Chains of Authoritarianism and Postponed Democracy.” Contemporary Arab Affairs 4, no.4 (2011), 463-83.

Ahmed, Amel. “Revolutionary blind spots: The politics of electoral choice and the Egyptian transition.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 3-12.

Ahy, Maximillian Hänska. “Networked communication and the Arab Spring: Linking broadcast and social media.” New Media & Society (2014): 1461444814538634.

Ajami, Fouad. “The Arab Spring at One: A Year of Living Dangerously.” Foreign Affairs 91, no. 2 (2012): 56-65.

Alalawi, Noura. “How Media Covered “Arab Spring” Movement: Comparison between the American Fox NEWS and the Middle Eastern Al Jazeera.” ABC Journal of Advanced Research 4.2 (2015): 131-140.

Albrecht, Holger. “The Myth of Coup-proofing Risk and Instances of Military Coups d’état in the Middle East and North Africa, 1950–2013.” Armed Forces & Society (2014): 0095327X14544518.

Albrecht, Holger. “Does Coup-Proofing Work? Political–Military Relations in Authoritarian Regimes amid the Arab Uprisings.” Mediterranean Affairs Online (2014)

Albrecht, Holger and Dina Bishara. “Back on Horseback: The Military and Political Transformation in Egypt.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 13-23.

Alexander, Anne and Miriyam Aouragh. “Arab Revolutions: Breaking Fear| Egypt’s Unfinished Revolution: The Role of the Media Revisited.” International Journal of Communication 8 (2014): 26.

Al-Ali, Najda. “Gendering the Arab Spring.” Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication 5 (2012), 26-31.

Alicino, Francesco. “Morocco: An Islamic Globalizing Monarchy within the Elusive Phenomenon of Arab Spring.” Oriente Moderno 95.1-2 (2015): 145-172.

Allam, Nermin. “Arab Revolutions: Breaking Fear| Blesses and Curses: Virtual Dissidence as a Contentious Performance in the Arab Spring’s Repertoire of Contention.” International Journal of Communication 8 (2014): 18.

Allegra, Marco, et al. “Rethinking Cities in Contentious Times: The Mobilisation of Urban Dissent in the Arab Spring.” Urban Studies 50.9 (2013): 1675-1688.

Alley, April L. “Assessing (In)Security after the Arab Spring: The Case of Yemen.” PS (October 2013): 721-6.

Alley, April L. “Yemen Changes Everything.. And Nothing.” Journal of Democracy 24, no.4 (2013): 74-85.

Alterman, Jon B. “The Revolution Will Not Be Tweeted.” Washington Quarterly 34, no. 4 (2011): 103-116.

Alterman, Jon B. and Haim Malka. “Shifting Eastern Mediterranean Geometry.” Washington Quarterly 35, no. 3 (2012): 111-125.

Altunişik, Meliha Benli. “Turkey as an ‘Emerging Donor’and the Arab Uprisings.” Mediterranean Politics ahead-of-print (2014): 1-18.

Alvi, Hayat. “Women’s Rights Movements in the’Arab Spring’: Major Victories or Failures for Human Rights?.” Journal of International Women’s Studies 16.3 (2015): 294-318.

Aly, Ramy. “Rebuilding Egyptian Media for a Democratic Future.” Arab Media & Society 14 (2011).

Amanat, Abbas. “The Spring of Hope and Winter of Despair.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 44, no. 1 (2012): 147-149.

Ambrosio, Thomas. “Democratic states and authoritarian firewalls: America as a black knight in the uprising in Bahrain.” Contemporary Politics ahead-of-print (2014): 1-16.

Anani, Khalil and Maszlee Malik. “Pious Way to Politics: The Rise of Political Salafism in Post-Mubarak Egypt.” Digest of Middle East Politics 22, no.1: 57-73

Anden-Papadopolous, Kari and Mervi Pantti. “The Media Work of Syrian Diaspora Activists.” International Journal of Communication 7 (2013): 2185-2206.

Anderson, Jeremy. “Intersecting arcs of mobilisation: The transnational trajectories of Egyptian dockers’ unions.” European Urban and Regional Studies 20 (2013).

Anderson, Lisa. “Demystifying the Arab Spring: Parsing the Differences Between Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 3 (2011): 2-7.

Anderson, Lisa. “Too Much Information: Political Science, the University and the Public Sphere.” Perspectives on Politics 10, no.2 (2012): 385-396.

Angrist, Michelle P. “Understanding the Success of Mass Civic Protest in Tunisia.” Middle East Journal 67, no.4 (2013): 547-64.

Aouragh, Miriyam and Anne Alexander. “The Arab Spring: The Egyptian Experience: Sense and Nonsense of the Internet Revolution.” International Journal of Communication 5 (2011): 1344-1358.

Arjomand, Said Amir. “The Islam and Democracy Debate after 2011.” Constellations 20, no.2 (2013): 297-311.

Asad, Talal. “Fear and the Ruptured State: Reflections on Egypt after Mubarak.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012): 271-300.

Ayeb, Habib. “Social and political geography of the Tunisian revolution.” Review of African Political Economy 38 (2011).

Ayoob, Mohammed. “The Arab Spring: Its Geostrategic Significance.” Middle East Policy 19, no.3 (2012): 84-98.

Bali, Asli. “A Turkish Model for the Arab Spring?” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 24-42.

Bamyeh, Mohammed. “Anarchist Philosophy, Civic Traditions and the Culture of the Arab Revolutions.” Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication 5 (2012): 32-41.

Banai, Hussein. “Democratic solidarity: Rethinking democracy promotion in the Middle East.” Security Dialogue 44, no.5-6: 411-29.

Bandak, Andreas. “Reckoning with the Inevitable: Death and Dying among Syrian Christians during the Uprising.” Ethnos ahead-of-print (2014): 1-21.

Bank, André, Thomas Richter, and Anna Sunik. “Durable, Yet Different: Monarchies in the Arab Spring.Journal of Arabian Studies 4.2 (2014): 163-179.

Barany, Zoltan. “The Role of the Military.” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 4 (2011): 24-35.

Barkey, Henri. “Turkish-Iranian competition after the Arab spring.”  Survival 54, no.6 (2012)

Barnartt, Sharon N. “The Arab Spring Protests and Concurrent Disability Protests: Social Movement Spillover or Spurious Relationship?” Studies in Social Justice 8.1 (2014): 67-78.

Barnes, Ashley. “Creating democrats? Testing the Arab spring.” Middle East Policy 20, no.2 (2013)

Barry, Ben. “Libya’s Lessons.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 5 (2011): 5-14.

Barthel, Pierre-Arnaud, and Leïla Vignal. “Arab Mediterranean Megaprojects after the ‘Spring’: Business as Usual or a New Beginning? Built Environment 40.1 (2014): 52-71.

Barwig, Andrew. “The New Palace Guards: Elections and Elites in Jordan and Morocco,” Middle East Journal (2012).

Basok, Tanya. “Reclaiming Democracy and Social Justice: The Arab Spring, Occupy, and Radical Imaginaries in the 21st Century.” Studies in Social Justice 8.1 (2014): 1-4.

Batniji, Rajaie, et al. “Governance and health in the Arab world.” The Lancet 383.9914 (2014): 343-355.

Bayat, Asef. “Arab Revolutions and the Study of Middle Eastern Societies.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 386.

Bayat, Asef. “The Arab Spring and its Surprises.” Development and Change 44, no.3 (2013), 587-601.

Beinin, Joel. “Civil Society, NGOs, and Egypt’s 2011 Popular Uprising.” South Atlantic Quarterly 113.2 (2014): 396-406.

Beinin, Joel. “Egyptian Workers and January 25: A Social Movement in Historical Context.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 323-350.

Belghazi, Taieb, and Abdelhay Moudden. “Ihbat: disillusionment and the Arab Spring in Morocco.” The Journal of North African Studies (2015): 1-13.

Bellin, Eva. “Reconsidering the Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Lessons from the Arab Spring.” Comparative Politics 44, no. 2 (2012): 127-149.

Bellodi, Leonardo. “Libya’s Assets and the Question of Sovereignty.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 54, no. 2 (2012): 39-45.

Benchemsi, Ahmed. “Morocco: Outfoxing the Opposition.” Journal of Democracy 23, no. 1 (2012): 57-69.

Benhabib, Seyla. “The new legitimation crises of Arab states and Turkey.” Philosophy & Social Criticism 40.4-5 (2014): 349-358.

Ben-Meir, Yossef. “Human Development in the Arab Spring: Morocco’s Efforts to Shape Its Global Future.” Mediterranean Quarterly 26.3 (2015): 67-93.

Benski, Tova and Lauren Langman. “The effects of affects: The place of emotions in the mobilizations of 2011.” Current Sociology 61.4 (2013): 525-540.

Bergh, Sylvia I., and Daniele Rossi-Doria. “Plus ça change? Observing the dynamics of Morocco’s ‘Arab Spring’in the High Atlas.” Mediterranean Politics. ahead-of-print (2015): 1-19.

Bernard-Maugiron, Nathalie. “Egypt’s Path to Transition: Democratic Challenges in the Constitution Reform Process.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 43-59.

El Bernoussi, Zaynab. “The postcolonial politics of dignity: From the 1956 Suez nationalization to the 2011 Revolution in Egypt.” International Sociology (2014): 0268580914537848.

Blake, Jillian Nicole, and Aqsa Mahmud. “The Arab Spring’s Four Seasons: International Protections and the Sovereignty Problem.” Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs 3.1 (2014).

Boduszyski, Mieczystaw P. and Duncan Picard. “Libya Starts from Scratch.” Journal of Democracy 24, no.4 (2013): 86-96.

Börzel, Tanja A., Assem Dandashly, and Thomas Risse. “Responses to the ‘Arabellions’: The EU in Comparative Perspective—Introduction.Journal of European Integration 37.1 (2014): 1-17.

Börzel, Tanja A., Thomas Risse, and Assem Dandashly. “The EU, External Actors, and the Arabellions: Much Ado About (Almost) Nothing.Journal of European Integration 37.1 (2015): 135-153.

Bou Nassif, Hicham. “Why the Egyptian Army Didn’t Shoot.” Middle East Report 265 (2012).

Brooks, Risa. “Abandoned at the Palace: Why the Tunisian Military Defected from the Ben Ali Regime in January 2011.” Journal of Strategic Studies 36, no.2 (2013), 205-220.

Brown, Nathan. “Egypt’s Failed Transition.” Journal of Democracy 24, no.4 (2013): 45-58.

Brown, Nathan. “Remembering Our Roots.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 388.

Brown, Nathan. “Contention in Religion and State in Postrevolutionary Egypt.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 531-552.

Brownlee, Jason, Tarek Masoud and Andrew Reynolds. “Tracking the Arab Spring: Why the Modest Harvest?” Journal of Democracy 24, no.4 (2013).

Brumberg, Daniel. “Transforming the Arab World’s Protection-Racket Politics.” Journal of Democracy 24, no.3 (2013).

Bruns, Axel, Tim Highfield and Jean Burgess.The Arab Spring and Social Media Audiences.” American Behavioral Scientist 57, no.11 (2013): 871-98.

Buckner, Elizabeth, and Lina Khatib. “The Martyrs’ Revolutions: The Role of Martyrs in the Arab Spring.” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies ahead-of-print (2014): 1-17.

Buehler, Matt. “Safety-Valve Elections and the Arab Spring: The Weakening (and Resurgence) of Morocco’s Islamist Party.” Terrorism and Political Violence 25, no.1 (2013), 137-156.

Buehler, Matt. “The Threat to ‘Un-Moderate’: Moroccan Islamists and the Arab Spring.” Middle East Law and Governance 5.3 (2013): 231-257.

Buehler, Matt. “Labour Demands, Regime Concessions: Moroccan Unions and the Arab Uprising.” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies (2014): 1-16.

Bulliett, Richard. “Neo-Mamluk Legitimacy and the Arab Spring.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 60-67.

Burgess, J. Peter and Costas Constantinou. “New Middle East, new insecurities and the limits of liberation geography.” Security Dialogue 44, no.5-6 (2013): 365-73.

Buterbaugh, Kevin Neil, Costel Calin, and Theresa Marchant-Shapiro “Predicting Revolt: Fragility Indexes and the Level of Violence and Instability in the Arab Spring,” Terrorism and Political Violence. ahead-of-print (2015): 1-26

Byman, Daniel. “Israel’s Pessimistic View of the Arab Spring.” Washington Quarterly 34, no. 3 (2012): 123-136.

Byman, Daniel. “Sectarianism Afflicts the New Middle East.” Survival 56.1 (2014): 79-100.

Byman, Daniel, “Terrorism After the Revolutions: How Secular Uprisings Could Help (or Hurt) Jihadists.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 3 (2011): 48-54.

Byman, Daniel. “Explaining the Western Response to the Arab Spring.” Journal of Strategic Studies 36, no.2 (2013), 289-320.

Byman, Daniel. “Regime Change in the Middle East: Problems and Prospects.” Political Science Quarterly 127, no.1 (2012): 25-46.

Calhoun, Craig.  “Libyan Money, Academic Missions, and Public Social Science.” Public Culture 24, no.1 (2012): 9-45.

Carapico, Sheila. “Demonstrators, Dialogues, Drones and Dialectics.” Middle East Report 269 (2013): 21-25.

Carey, John M. and Andrew Reynolds. “The Impact of Election Systems.” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 4 (2011): 36-47.

Carvalho Pinto, Vânia. “From “Follower” to “Role Model”: The Transformation to the UAE’s International Self-Image.Journal of Arabian Studies 4.2 (2014): 231-243.

Cavatorta, Francesco. “No Democratic Change… and Yet No Authoritarian Continuity: The Inter-paradigm Debate and North Africa After the Uprisings.” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies ahead-of-print (2014): 1-11.

Cavatorta, Francesco and Paola Rivetti. “EU–MENA Relations from the Barcelona Process to the Arab Uprisings: A New Research Agenda.” Journal of European Integration 36.6 (2014): 619-625.

Celestino, Mauricio Rivera and Kristian Gleditsch. “Fresh carnations or all thorn, no rose? Nonviolent campaigns and transitions in autocracies.” Journal of Peace Research 50, no.3 (2013), 385-400.

Chalcraft, John. “Horizontalism in the Egyptian Revolutionary Process.” Middle East Report 262 (2012): 6-11.

Charrad, Mounira M., and Amina Zarrugh. “Equal or complementary? Women in the new Tunisian Constitution after the Arab Spring.” The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014): 230-243.

Chaudhry, Irfan. “Hashtags for Change: Can Twitter Generate Social Progress in Saudi Arabia.” International Journal of Communication 8 (2014): 19.

Chen, Sibo. “Corpus Linguistics in Critical Discourse Analysis: A Case Study on News Reports of the 2011 Libyan Civil War.” Stream: Culture/Politics/Technology 5.1 (2014): 21-28.

Cheriet, Boutheina. “The Arab Spring exception: Algeria’s political ambiguities and citizenship rights.” The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014): 143-156.

Chomiak, Laryssa. “The Making of a Revolution in Tunisia.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 68-83.

Chomiak, Laryssa and John P. Entelis. “The Making of North Africa’s Intifadas.” Middle East Report 259 (2011): 8-15.

Choudhry, Sumit. “Constitutional transitions in the Middle East: introduction.” International Journal of Constitutional Law 11 (2013).

Clarke, Killian. “Unexpected Brokers of Mobilization: Contingency and Networks in the 2011 Egyptian Uprising.” Comparative Politics 46.4 (2014): 379-397.

Cole, Juan. “Egypt’s New Left versus the Military Junta.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 487-513.

Comunello, Francesca and Giuseppe Anzera. “Will the revolution be tweeted? A conceptual framework for understanding the social media and the Arab spring.” Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations 1 (2012): 1-18.

Dadush, Uri and Michele Dunne. “American and European Responses to the Arab Spring: What’s the Big Idea?” Washington Quarterly 34, no. 4 (2011): 131-145.

Dahi, Omar S. “Understanding the Political Economy of the Arab Revolts.” Middle East Report 259 (2011): 2-6.

Dahi, Omar and Yasser Munif. “Revolts in Syria: Tracking the Convergence Between Authoritarianism and Neoliberalism.” Journal of Asian and African Studies 47, no.4 (2012): 323-332.

Dajani, Nabil. “Technology Cannot a Revolution Make: Nas-book not Facebook.” Arab Media & Society 15 (2012).

Dalacoura, Katerina. “The 2011 Uprisings in the Arab Middle East: Political Change and Geopolitical Implications.” International Affairs 88, no. 1 (2012): 63-79.

Dalmasso, Emanuela and Francesco Cavatorta. “Democracy, Civil Liberties and the Role of Religion after the Arab Awakening: Constitutional Reforms in Tunisia and Morocco.” Mediterranean Politics 18, no.2 (2013).

Dandashly, Assem. “The EU response to regime change in the wake of the Arab revolt: differential Implementation.” Journal of European Integration 37.1 (2014): 37-56

Dannreuther, Roland. “Russia and the Arab Spring: supporting the counter-revolution.” Journal of European Integration 37.1 (2014): 77-94.

Davenport, Christian and Will Moore.  “The Arab Spring, Winter, and Back Again? (Re)Introducing the Dissent-Repression Nexus with a Twist.” International Interaction 38, no.5 (2012): 704-13.

David, Assaf. “Presence Out, Ideas In: Representation and Socio-Political Change in Jordan.” Representation 48, no. 1 (2012): 295-305.

Dennison, Susi. “The EU and North Africa after the revolutions: A new start or plus ca change?” Mediterranean Politics 13 (2013).

Deschamps-Laporte, Laurence. “From the Mosque to the Polls: The Emergence of the Al Nour Party in Post-Arab Spring Egypt.” New Middle Eastern Studies (BRIMES) 4, no. 2014 (2014).

Desrues, Thierry. “Mobilizations in a hybrid regime: The 20th February Movement and the Moroccan Regime.” Current Sociology (2013).

Di Peri, Rosita. “An Enduring ‘Touristic Miracle’in Tunisia? Coping with Old Challenges after the Revolution.” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies ahead-of-print (2014): 1-15.

Diamond, Larry, et al. “Reconsidering the Transition Paradigm.” Journal of Democracy 25.1 (2014): 86-100.

Dickinson, Rob. “Responsibility to Protect: Arab Spring Perspectives.” Buffalo Human Rights Law Review 20(2014): 91-123.

Doran, Michael Scott. “The Heirs of Nasser: Who Will Benefit From the Second Arab Revolution?” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 3 (2011): 17-25.

Dorsey, James. “Pitched Battles: The role of Ultra soccer fans in the Arab Spring.” Mobilization 17, no.4 (2012), 411-418.

Droz-Vincent, Phillipe. “Prospects for Democratic Control of the Armed Forces? Comparative Insights and Lessons for the Arab World in Transition.” Armed Forces and Society (2013).

Droz-Vincent, Philippe. “‘State of Barbary”’(Take Two): From the Arab Spring to the Return of Violence in Syria.” The Middle East Journal 68.1 (2014): 33-58.

Durac, Vincent. “Protest movements and political change: an analysis of the ‘Arab uprisings’ of 2011.” Journal of Contemporary African Affairs 31, no.2 (2013): 175-193.

Elaskary, Mohamed, and Alaa El-Gabry. “Arab Spring Memoirs: Memoirs of Ibrahim Abdel Meguid and Abdul-Rahman Yusuf as case studies.” International Journal of Foreign Studies 8.1 (2015): 63-80.

Elgindy, Khaled. “Egypt’s Troubled Transition: Elections without Democracy.” Journal of Democracy 35, no. 2 (2012): 89-104.

Elham, Fakhro and Emile Hokayem. “Waking the Arabs.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 2 (2011): 21-30.

Elmasry, Mohamad, Dina Mohamed Basiony, and Sara Farag Elkamel. “Egyptian Journalistic Professionalism in the Context of Revolution: Comparing Survey Results from Before and After the January 25, 2011 Uprising.” International Journal of Communication, 8 (2014): 23.

Elsadda, Hoda. “Women’s rights activism in post-Jan25 Egypt: Combating the Shadow of the First Lady Syndrom in the Arab World.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 84-93.

Elsayyad, May. “Voting Islamist or voting secular? An empirical analysis of voting outcomes in Egypt’s “Arab Spring”.” Public Choice 160.1-2 (2014): 109-130.

Eltantawy, N., & Wiest, J. “Social media in the Egyptian revolution: Reconsidering resource mobilization theory.” International Journal of Communication 5 (2011): 1207–1224.

Ennis, Crystal and Bessma Momani. “Shaping the Middle East in the Midst of the Arab Uprisings.” Third World Quarterly 34, no.6 (2013).

Errazzouki, Samia. “Working-class women revolt: gendered political economy in Morocco.” The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014): 259-267.

Fadel, Mohammed. “Modernist Political Thought and the Egyptian and Tunisian Revolutions of 2011.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 94-104.

Fadel, Mohammad. “Judicial institutions, the legitimacy of Islamic state law and democratic transition in Egypt.” International Journal of Constitutional Law 11, no.3 (2013): 646-665.

Fahmy, Hazem. “Initial perspective on ‘the winter of discontent’: The root causes of the Egyptian revolution.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 349-378.

Fakhoury, Tamirace. “The EU and Lebanon in the Wake of the Arab Uprisings.” Middle East Policy 21.1 (2014): 133-143.

Fakhoury, Tamirace. “Do Power-Sharing Systems Behave Differently amid Regional Uprisings?: Lebanon in the Arab Protest Wave.” The Middle East Journal 68.4 (2014): 505-520.

Fandy, Mamoun. “Notes from Tahrir Square.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 2 (2011): 221-224.

Filali-Ansary, Abdou. “The Languages of the Arab Revolutions.” Journal of Democracy 23, no. 2 (2012): 5-18.

Fishman, Ben. “Jordan: Caught in the Middle Again.” Adelphi Papers 54.447-448 (2014): 123-134.

Foran, John. “Beyond Insurgency to Radical Social Change: The New Situation.” Studies in Social Justice 8.1 (2014): 5-25.

Fornaciari, F. “Framing the Egyptian Revolution: A content analysis of Al Jazeera English and the BBC,” Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research 4 (2011): 223–235.

Forstenlecher, Ingo, Emilie Rutledge and Rashed al Nuaimi, “The UAE, the Arab Spring, and Different Kinds of Dissent.” Middle East Policy (2012).

Frisch, Hillel. “The Egyptian Army and Egypt’s “Spring.” Journal of Strategic Studies 36, no.2 (2013), 180-204.

García, Raquel Ojeda, and Ángela Suárez Collado. “The Project of Advanced Regionalisation in Morocco: Analysis of a Lampedusian Reform.” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies ahead-of-print (2014): 1-13.

Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed and Tara Vassefi. “Perceptions of the Arab Spring Within the Salafi-Jihadi Movement.  Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 35, 831-848.

Gaub, Florence. “The Libyan Armed Forces Between Coup-Proofing and Repression.” Journal of Strategic Studies 36, no.2 (2013), 221-244.

Gause, F. Gregory, III. “Why Middle East Studies Missed the Arab Spring: The Myth of Authoritarian Stability.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 4 (2011): 81-90.

Gause, F. Gregory III and Ian S. Lustick. “America and the Regional Powers in a Changing Middle East.” Middle East Policy 19, no.2 (2012): 1-9.

Gazzini, Claudia. “Was the Libya Intervention Necessary?” Middle East Report 261 (2011): 2-9.

Gengler, Justin J. “Royal Factionalism, the Khawalid, and the Securitization of ‘the Shīʿa Problem’in Bahrain.” Journal of Arabian Studies 3.1 (2013): 53-79.

Genugten, Saskia van. “Libya after Gadhafi.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 3 (2011): 61-74.

Al-Gharbi, Musa. “Syria Contextualized: The Numbers Game.” Middle East Policy 20, no.1 (2013).

El-Ghobashy, Mona. “The Praxis of the Egyptian Revolution.” Middle East Report 258 (2011): 2-13.

El-Ghobashy, Mona. “Politics By Other Means: In Egypt, Street Protests Set the Political Agenda.” Boston Review 36:6 (2011): 39-44.

Ghobrial, Bahaa G., and Karin G. Wilkins. “The politics of political communication: Competing news discourses of the 2011 Egyptian protests.” International Communication Gazette (2014): 1748048514564027.

Gillis, Clare Morgana. “The End of History in the New Libya.” Foreign Policy 193 (2012): 105-107.

Gledhill, John. “Managing (In)Security in the Post-Arab Spring Transitions.” PS (October 2013): 736-41.

Golan, Guy. “The gates of op-ed diplomacy: Newspaper framing of the 2011 Egyptian revolution.” International Communication Gazette (2013).

Goldberg, Ellis. “The Urban Roots of the Arab Spring.” Available at SSRN 2426960 (2014).

Goldstone, Jack A. “Understanding the Revolutions of 2011: Weakness and Resilience in Middle Eastern Autocracies.” Foreign Affairs90, no. 3(2011): 8-16.

Gopnik, Blake. “Revolution in a Can.” Foreign Policy 189 (2011): 92-93.

Gordon, Neve. “A Villa in a Jungle: The Arab Awakening Through the Lens of the Israeli Media.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 105-117.

Greenwood, Maja and Ole Waever. “Copenhagen-Cairo on a Roundtrip: A security theory meets revolution.” Security Dialogue 44, no.5-6: 485-506.

Greffrath, Wynand, and André Duvenhage. “The Arab Spring: Theoretical perspectives on the regimes of North Africa and the Middle East.” South African Journal of International Affairs 21.1 (2014): 27-44.

Guirguis, Magdi. “The Copts and the Egyptian revolution.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 511-532.

Guzansky, Yoel, and Benedetta Berti. “Is the New Middle East Stuck in Its Sectarian Past? The Unspoken Dimension of the “Arab Spring”.” Orbis 57.1 (2014): 135-151.

Hababou, Moez and Nawel Amrouche. “Misconceptions and Realities in the 2011 Tunisian Election.” PS 46 (Oct. 2013): 741-8.

Haddad, Bassam. “The Syrian Regime’s Business Backbone.” Middle East Report 262 (2012): 26-27.

Haddad, Bassam.  “Syria’s Stalemate: The Limits of Regime Resilience.” Middle East Policy 19, no.1 (2012): 85-95.

Haddad, Bassam. “Knowledge production on the Middle East in times of upheaval.” PS 46, no.2 (2013).

Hafez, Sherine. “The revolution shall not pass through women’s bodies: Egypt, uprising and gender politics.” The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014): 172-185.

Hale, Henry. “Regime Change Cascades: What We Have Learned from the 1848 Revolutions to the 2011 Arab Uprisings.” Annual Reviews of Political Science 16 (2013): 331-53.

Hall, Matthew. “Police Impunity in Imbaba.” Middle East Report 265 (2012).

Halverson, Jeffry, Scott Ruston and Angela Trethewy. “Mediated Martyrs of the Arab Spring: New Media, Civil Religion, and Narrative in Tunisia and Egypt.” Journal of Communication 63 (2013).

Hamdy, Naila and Ehab Gomaa. “Framing the Egyptian uprising in Arabic language newspapers and social media.” Journal of Communication 62, no.2 (2012): 195-211.

Hamid, Shadi. “The Rise of the Islamists. How Islamists Will Change Politics, and Vice Versa.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 3 (2011): 40-47.

Hanafi, Sari. “The Arab revolutions: the emergence of a new political subjectivity.” Contemporary Arab Affairs 5, no.2 (2012), 198-213.

Hanieh, Adam. “Shifting Priorities or Business as Usual? Continuity and Change in the post-2011 IMF and World Bank Engagement with Tunisia, Morocco and Egypt.British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies ahead-of-print (2014): 1-16.

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Haseeb, Khair al-Din. “The Arab spring revisited.” Contemporary Arab Affairs 5, no.2 (2012), 185-197.

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Hess, Steve. “From the Arab spring to the Chinese winter:  The institutional sources of authoritarian vulnerability and resilience in Egypt, Tunisia and China.” International Political Science Review (2013)

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Hinnebusch, Raymond. “Change and Continuity after the Arab Uprising: The Consequences of State Formation in Arab North African States.” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies ahead-of-print (2014): 1-19.

Hoffman, Michael and Amaney Jamal. “Religion in the Arab Spring: Between Two Competing Narratives.The Journal of Politics 76.3 (2014): 595-606

Hoffmann, Michael and Amaney Jamal. “The Youth and the Arab Spring: Cohort Differences and Similarities.” Middle East Law and Governance 4 (2012)

Hoffmann, Anja and Christoph Konig. “Scratching the Democratic Facade: Framing Strategies of the 20 February Movement.” Mediterranean Politics (2013).

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Holmes, Amy Austin. “There are weeks when decades happen: Structure and strategy in the Egyptian revolution.” Mobilization 17, no.4 (2012), 391-410.

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Hussain, Muzammil M. and Philip N. Howard. “What Best Explains Successful Protest Cascades?” International Studies Review 15, no.1 (2013): 48-66.

Ibish, Hussein. “Was the Arab Spring Worth It?” Foreign Policy 194 (2012): 92-93.

Inbar, Efraim. “Israel’s National Security Amidst Unrest in the Arab World.” Washington Quarterly  35, no. 3 (2012): 59-73.

Isaac, Sally Khalifa. “The Egyptian Transition, 2011–13: How Strategic to Europe?” Middle East Policy 21.1 (2014): 154-165.

Iskander, Adel. “Teaching the Arab Uprisings: Between Media Maelstrom and Pedantic Pegagogy.” PS 46, no.2 (2013)

Ismail, Salwa. “The Syrian Uprising: Imagining and Performing the Nation.” Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism 11: 3 (2011): 538-549.

Ismail, Salwa. “The Egyptian revolution against the police.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 435-464.

Ismail, Salwa. “Urban Subalterns in the Arab Revolutions: Cairo and Damascus in Comparative Perspective.”  Comparative Studies in Society and History 55, no.4 (2013): 865-94.

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Jones, Toby. “Embracing crisis in the Gulf.” Middle East Report 264 (2012)

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Kaboub, Fadhel. “The End of Neoliberalism? An Institutional Analysis of the Arab Uprisings.” Journal of Economic Issues 47, no.2 (2013), 533-44.

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Khamis, Sahar, Paul B. Gold, and Katherine Vaughn. Beyond Egypt’s ‘Facebook Revolution’ and Syria’s ‘YouTube Uprising:’ Comparing Political Contexts, Actors and Communication Strategies. Arab Media & Society 15 (2012)

Khamis, S., & Vaughn, K. “We Are All Khaled Said: The potentials and limitations of cyberactivism in triggering public mobilization and promoting political change“. Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, 4 (2012): 145-163.

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Khoury, Nabeel. “The Arab Cold War Revisited: The Regional Impact of the Arab Uprising.” Middle East Policy (2013).

Khoury, Nabeel. Yemen: In Search of a Coherent US Policy. Middle East Policy 21.2 (2014): 100-110.

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Kisilu, Corazon Mwende. “How the youth used social media to spread ethnic hate speech during the 2013 general elections.” Diss. University of Nairobi, 2014.

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Köprülü, Nur. “Jordan since the Uprisings: Between Change and Stability.” Middle East Policy 21.2 (2014): 111-126.

Kraidy, Marwan. “The Revolutionary Body Politic: Preliminary Thoughts on a Neglected Medium in the Arab Uprisings.”  Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication 5 (2012), 66-74.

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Kurzman, Charles. “The Arab Spring: Ideals of the Iranian Green Movement, Methods of the Iranian Revolution.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 44, no. 1 (2012): 162-165.

Labidi, Lilia. “Political, aesthetic, and ethical positions of Tunisian women artists, 2011–13.” The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014): 157-171.

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Langhi, Zahra. “Gender and state-building in Libya: towards a politics of inclusion.” The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014): 200-210.

Langohr, Vickie. “Women’s Rights Movements during Political Transitions: Activism against Public Sexual Violence in Egypt.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 47.01 (2015): 131-135.

Leech, Philip. “Who owns “the spring” in Palestine? Rethinking popular consent and resistance in the context of the “Palestinian State” and the “Arab Spring”.” Democratization ahead-of-print (2014): 1-19.

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Leenders, Reinoud. “Collective action and mobilization in Dar’a: An anatomy of the onset of Syria’s popular upsiring.” Mobilization 17, no.4 (2012), 419-434.

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Lennon, John. “Assembling a revolution: Graffiti, Cairo and the Arab spring.” Cultural Studies Review 20.1 (2014): 237-75.

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Lister, Charles. “Assessing Syria’s Jihad.” Adelphi Papers 54.447-448 (2014): 71-98.

Lotan, G., Graeff, E., Ananny, M., Gaffney, D., Pearce, I., & boyd, d. “The Arab Spring The Revolutions Were Tweeted: Information Flows during the 2011 Tunisian and Egyptian Revolutions.” International Journal of Communication 5 (2011)

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Louer, Laurence. “Sectarianism and Coup-Proofing Strategies in Bahrain.” Journal of Strategic Studies 36, no.2 (2013), 245-260.

Lucarelli, Sonia. “Winds of democratic change in the Mediterranean? Actors, processes and possible outcomes.” Democratization 21.1 (2014).

Lucas, Russell E., Thomas Demmelhuber, and Claudia Derichs. “Rethinking the Monarchy–Republic Gap in the Middle East.Journal of Arabian Studies 4.2 (2014): 161-162.

Lutterbeck, Derek. “Arab uprisings, armed forces, and civil-military relations.” Armed Forces and Society 39, no.1 (2013), 28-54.

Lynch, Marc. “After Egypt: The Limits and Promise of Online Challenges to the Authoritarian Arab.” Perspectives on Politics 9, no. 2 (2011): 301-310.

Lynch, Marc. “America and Egypt After the Uprisings.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 2 (2011): 31-42.

Lynch, Marc. “The Big Think Behind the Arab Spring.” Foreign Policy 190 (2011): 46-47.

Lynch, Marc, Deen Freelon, and Sean Aday. “Syria in the Arab Spring: The integration of Syria’s conflict with the Arab uprisings, 2011–2013.” Research & Politics 1.3 (2014): 2053168014549091.

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Al-Mahdi, Rabab. “Labour protests in Egypt: causes and meanings.” Review of African Political Economy 38 (2011).

Makara, Michael. “Coup-Proofing, Military Defection and the Arab Spring.” Democracy and Security 9, no.4 (2013)

Mallat, Chibli. “The Philosophy of the Mideast Revolution, Take One: Non-Violence.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011) 136–147.

Malmvig, Helle. “Power, Identity and Securitization in Middle East: Regional Order after the Arab Uprisings.” Mediterranean Politics 19.1 (2014): 145-148.

Mamadouh, Virginie. “Making Sense of Ongoing Revolutions.” Geopolitics 18, no.3 (2013)

Mandaville, Peter. “Islam and Exceptionalism in American Political Discourse.” PS 46, no.2 (2013).

Mansfield, Edward and Jack Snyder. “Democratization and the Arab Spring.” International Interaction 38, no.5 (2012): 722-33.

Markham, Tim. “Social media, protest cultures and political subjectivities of the Arab spring.” Media, Culture & Society 36.1 (2014): 89-104.

Marks, Monica. “Youth Politics and Tunisian Salafism.” Mediterranean Politics 13 (2013)

Marshall, Shana and Joshua Stacher. “Egypt’s Generals and Transnational Capital.” Middle East Report 262 (2012): 12-18.

Martini, Jeff and Julie Taylor. “Commanding Democracy in Egypt: The Military’s Attempt to Manage the Future.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 5 (2011): 127-137.

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Marzouki, Nadia. “The call for dignity, or a particular universalism.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011) 148–158.

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Masoud, Tarek. “Liberty, Democracy, and Discord in Egypt.” Washington Quarterly 34, no. 4 (2011): 117-129.

Massad, Joseph. “Love, Fear, and the Arab Spring.” Public Culture 26.1 72 (2014): 127-152.

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Matthiesen, Toby. “A Saudi Spring? The Shia Protest Movement in the Eastern Province, 2011-12.” The Middle East Journal 66, no.4 (2012).

Matthiesen, Toby. “Mysticism, Migration and Clerical Networks: Ahmad al-Ahsaʾi and the Shaykhis of al-Ahsa, Kuwait and Basra.” Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs ahead-of-print (2014): 1-24.

McKanders, Karla Mari. “Anatomy of an Uprising: Women, Democracy, And The Moroccan Feminist Spring.” BU International Law Journal 32 (2014): 147-227.

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McQuinn, Brian. “Assessing (In)Security after the Arab Spring: The Case of Libya.” PS 46 (October 2013): 716-21

Medani, Khalid Mustafa. “Teaching the ‘New Middle East’ Beyond Authoritarianism.” PS 46, no.2 (2013).

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Meirowitz, Adam and Joshua Tucker. “People Power or a One Shot Deal? A Dynamic Model of Protest.” American Journal of Political Science 57, no.2 (2013): 478-490.

Menaldo, Victor. “The Middle East and North Africa’s Resilient Monarchs.” Journal of Politics 74, no. 3 (2012): 707-722.

Merone, Fabio. “Enduring Class Struggle in Tunisia: The Fight for Identity beyond Political Islam.” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies ahead-of-print (2014): 1-14.

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Moghadam, Valentine. “Engendering Democracy” International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 387.

Moghadam, Valentine. “Modernising women and democratisation after the Arab Spring.” The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014): 137-142.

Moghadam, Valentine. “What is democracy? Promises and perils of the Arab Spring.” Current Sociology (2013)

Mohns, Erik and Andre Bank.  “Syrian revolt fallout: End of the Resistance axis?” Middle East Policy 19, no.3 (2012): 25-36.

Moore, Pete. “The Bread Revolutions of 2011: Teaching the Political Economies of the Middle East.” PS 46, no.2(2013).

Moore, Pauline, and Sandile Lukhele. “Algeria’s avoidance of its own Arab Spring: North-Africa-issue in focus.” Africa Conflict Monthly Monitor (2014): 34-38.

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Morsy, Maya. “Egyptian women and the 25th of January Revolution: presence and absence.” The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014): 211-229.

Moss, Dana M. “Repression, Response, and Contained Escalation Under” Liberalized” Authoritarianism in Jordan.” Mobilization: An International Quarterly19.3 (2014): 261-286.

Mufti, Malik. “Democratizing Potential of the ‘Arab Spring’: Some Early Observations.” Government and Opposition 50.03 (2015): 394-419.

Mustafa, Tahani. “Damming the Palestinian Spring: Security Sector Reform and Entrenched Repression.” Journal of Intervention and Statebuilding ahead-of-print (2015): 1-19.

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el-Nawawy, Mohammed, and Sahar Khamis. “Arab Revolutions: Breaking Fear| Blogging Against Violations of Human Rights in Egypt: An Analysis of Five Political Blogs.” International Journal of Communication 8 (2014): 21.

Nepstad, Sharon Erickson. “Mutiny and nonviolence in the Arab Spring: Exploring military defections and loyalty in Egypt, Bahrain and Syria.” Journal of Peace Research 50, no.3 (2013), 337-49.

Nossett, James Michael. “Free Exercise After the Arab Spring: Protecting Egypt’s Religious Minorities Under the Country’s New Constitution.” Indiana Law Journal 89.4 (2014): 8.

Odinius, Daniel, and Philipp Kuntz. “The limits of authoritarian solidarity: The Gulf monarchies and preserving authoritarian rule during the Arab Spring.” European Journal of Political Research (2015).

Öniş, Ziya. “Turkey and the Arab Revolutions: Boundaries of Regional Power Influence in a Turbulent Middle East.” Mediterranean Politics ahead-of-print (2014): 1-17.

Owen, Roger.  “The Arab ‘demonstration’ effect and the revival of Arab unity in the Arab Spring.” Contemporary Arab Affairs 5 (2012)

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Pace, Michelle. “An Arab Spring of a Different Kind: Resilience and Freedom in the Case of an Occupied Nation.” Mediterranean Politics 13 (2013).

Pace, Michelle. “The EU’s Interpretation of the ‘Arab Uprisings: Understanding the Different Visions about Democratic Change in EU-MENA relations.” Journal of Common Market Studies (2014).

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Parkinson, Sarah E., and Orkideh Behrouzan. “Negotiating health and life: Syrian refugees and the politics of access in Lebanon.” Social Science & Medicine 146 (2015): 324-331.

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Pelham, Nicholas. “Libya in the Shadow of Iraq: The ‘Old Guard’ Versus the Thuwwar in the Battle for Stability.” International Peacekeeping 19 (4): 539-548.

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Phillips, Christopher. “The Arabism Debate and the Arab Uprisings.” Mediterranean Politics 19.1 (2014): 141-144.

Phillips, Christopher. “Syria’s Torment.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 54, no. 4 (2012): 67-82.

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Pratt, Nicola. “The “Arab Spring” and the Israel-Palestine Conflict: Settler Colonialism and Resistance in the Midst of Geopolitical Upheavals.” Middle Eastern Studies/Ortadogu Etütleri 5.1 (2013).

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