They have a Gun in One Hand and the Media in the Other: The Rise of Anti-Militarist Activism under the Supreme Council of Armed Forces

They have a Gun in One Hand and the Media in the Other: The Rise of Anti-Militarist Activism under the Supreme Council of Armed Forces

By Amy Austin Holmes, American University in Cairo *This memo was prepared for the workshop, “From Mobilization to Counter-Revolution: The Arab Spring in Comparative Perspective,” held on May 3-4, 2016. Before anyone had ever heard of Abdel Fatah al-Sissi, secular activists in

Master Frames of the Syrian Conflict: Early Violence and Sectarian Response Revisited

Master Frames of the Syrian Conflict: Early Violence and Sectarian Response Revisited

By Reinoud Leenders, King’s College London *This memo was prepared for the workshop, “From Mobilization to Counter-Revolution: The Arab Spring in Comparative Perspective,” held on May 3-4, 2016. Much of the dialectics involving revolutionary movements and counter-revolutionary responses gravitate around protagonists’ grand

Adding Insult to Injury: Vilification as Counter-Mobilization in Turkey’s Gezi Protests

Adding Insult to Injury: Vilification as Counter-Mobilization in Turkey’s Gezi Protests

By Lisel Hintz, Cornell University *This memo was prepared for the workshop, “From Mobilization to Counter-Revolution: The Arab Spring in Comparative Perspective,” held on May 3-4, 2016. The timing, extent and nature of the anti-government uprisings collectively known as Turkey’s 2013 Gezi

From Co-optation to Crackdown: Gulf States’ Reactions to the Rise of the Muslim Brotherhood during the Arab Spring

From Co-optation to Crackdown: Gulf States’ Reactions to the Rise of the Muslim Brotherhood during the Arab Spring

By Courtney Freer, London School of Economics *This memo was prepared for the workshop, “From Mobilization to Counter-Revolution: The Arab Spring in Comparative Perspective,” held on May 3-4, 2016. Examining recent statements made by Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) governments about the Muslim

Late Populism: State Distributional Regimes and Economic Conflict after the Arab Uprisings

Late Populism: State Distributional Regimes and Economic Conflict after the Arab Uprisings

By Steffen Hertog, London School of Economics *This memo was prepared for the workshop, “From Mobilization to Counter-Revolution: The Arab Spring in Comparative Perspective,” held on May 3-4, 2016. The Arab world’s wealth distribution regimes are central for understanding both the Arab