Articles

We’ve collected a few interesting and relevant journal articles as part of our new series From the Journals. This week, we’re highlighting:

Unequal Ground: Homelands and Conflict by Nadav G. Shelef. Nadav received a Travel-Research-Engagement from POMEPS in 2011, spoke at the POMEPS event “Evolving Nationalism: Homeland, Identity, and Religion in Israel,” and also contributed to the 2015 Nation and Nationalism POMEPS Studies.

Abstract:

Although there is a deep and wide consensus that international conflict over territory is especially common and destructive, there is less agreement over what it is about territory that leads to these outcomes. Understanding the role of territory in international conflict requires complementing realist and materialist understandings of the value of territory with one grounded in the constructivist theories that dominate studies of nationalism and geography. Doing so recognizes that homeland territoriality, because it raises the value of a specific territory and provides an imperative to establish sovereignty over it, plays a distinctive role in driving international conflict. This article presents a systematic, replicable operationalization of the homeland status of territory that, because it is consistent with constructivist theories of nationalism, can be used to integrate constructivist understandings of the role of territory into quantitative studies of territorial conflict. This measure is then used to test the implication that the loss of subjectively defined homeland territory increases the likelihood of international conflict relative to the loss of nonhomeland territory. The findings that dividing homelands is especially likely to lead to conflict are corroborated by a second novel measure of the homeland status of territory that is based on the identification of co-ethnics in a territory before the border was drawn.

International Organization, Cambridge Journals, Volume 70, Issue 01, Winter 2016, pp 33-63, Published online: 01 June 2015.

Revisiting Political Islam: Explaining the Nexus Between Political Islam and Contentious Politics in the Arab World by Dilshod Achilov.

Abstract:

This study introduces a new framework to conceptualize and measure political Islam, and (2) examines the empirical nexus among Islamic religiosity, ideological support for political Islam (ISPI), and collective protests in the Arab Middle East. Analyzing cross-national attitudes in five Arab states, I conduct a principal component analysis to construct a new index to account for a variation in ISPI, and examine the effects thereof on participation in collective protests. The evidence shows that Islamic religiosity matters in challenging political elites via collective action. While politically moderate Muslims appear more likely to engage in nonviolent, collective political protests, political radicals seem less likely to do so. The findings suggest that political ideology plays a central role in moderating the intricate relationship between Islam and collective political activism. The evidence also supports the resource mobilization thesis, among other factors, to explain the dynamics of collective action in the Arab world.

Social Science Quarterly (January 2016).

The Quota Encouraged Me to Run Evaluating Jordan’s Municipal Quota for Women
by Stefanie Nanes.

Abstract:

Gender quotas are a means to improve women’s political representation. This article examines the impact of Jordan’s municipal quota enacted in 2007. The quota drew into the political arena women who would otherwise not have run for office. Women councillors have firmly established their rightful presence on the local councils, a public realm previously deemed only for men. They successfully navigated the give-and-take of local Jordanian politics. In the process they gained a hard-won, invaluable political education and emerged as Jordan’s first sizable body of experienced women politicians on the local level. This article draws on extensive personal interviews with twenty-six female councillors from the first cohort of women elected under the quota. The results show that even a quota enacted in a clientelist system such as Jordan’s can bring positive change for women’s representation in politics.

Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies 2015 Volume 11, Number 3: 261-282.

Six Bad Options for Syria by Daniel Byman from the Washington Quarterly, Volume 38, Issue 4, 2015. Daniel contributed to POMEPS Studies Political Science of Syria’s War and has written for the Monkey Cage.

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Academic Articles

January 4, 2012

Do Natural Resources Fuel Authoritarianism? A Reappraisal of the Resource Curse,” Stephen Haber and Victor Menaldo, American Political Science Review (February 2010).

The Rise of Muslim Foreign Fighters: Islam and the Globalization of Jihad,” Thomas Hegghammer, International Security (Winter 2010/11).

Two Cheers for Bargaining Theory: Assessing Rationalist Explanations of the Iraq War,” David A. Lake, International Security (Winter 2010/11).

Correspondence: Life Sciences and Islamic Suicide Terrorism,” Mia Bloom, International Security (Winter 2010/11).

Islam and Large-Scale Political Violence: Is There a Connection?” M. Steven Fish, Francesca R. Jensenius, and Katherine E. Michel, Comparative Political Studies (November 2010).

Oil and Revolutionary Governments: Fuel for International Conflict,” Jeff Colgan, International Organization (October 2010).

Authoritarian States and Voting From Abroad,” Laurie A. Brand, Comparative Politics (October 2010).

Media Habits of MENA Youth,” Jad Melki, Issam Fares Insitute (October 2010).

Triggering Nationalist Violence: Competition and Conflict in Uprisings against Colonial Rule,” Adria Lawrence, International Security (Fall 2010).

Islamic Politics and Women’s Quest for Gender Equality in Iran,” Homa Hoodfar, Third World Quarterly (September 2010).

Between Universal Feminism and Particular Nationalism: politics, religion and gender (in)equality in Israel,” Ruth Halperin-Kaddaria and Yaacov Yadgar, Third World Quarterly (September 2010).

Bargaining in Institutionalized Settings: The Case of Turkish Reforms,” Zeki Sarigil, European Journal of International Relations (September 2010).

Democratization, Instability, and War: Israel’s 2006 Conflicts with Hamas and Hezbollah,” Evan Braden Montgomery and Stacie L. Pettyjohn, Security Studies (August 2010).

(Amplified) Voices for the Voiceless,” David Faris, Arab Media and Society (August 2010).

New Survey of Syrian Public Opinion,” Angela Hawken, Pepperdine University (August 2010).

Power and the Ascendance of New Economic Policy Ideas: Lessons from the 1980s Crisis in Israel,” Ronen Mandelkern and Michael Shalev, World Politics (July 2010).

Bricks and Mortar Clientalism in Lebanon,” Melani Cammett and Sukriti Issar, World Politics (July 2010).

The Rules of the Game: Unpacking Patronage Politics in Yemen,” April Longley Alley, The Middle East Journal (June 2010).

Class, Status, and Party: The Changing Face of Political Islam in Turkey and Egypt,” Sebnem Gumuscu, Comparative Political Studies (June 2010).

Modernization, Islam, or Social Capital: What Explains Attitudes Toward Democracy in the Muslim World,” Sabri Ciftci, Comparative Political Studies (May 2010).

Transnational Connections in the Middle East: Political Economy, Security and Geopolitical Imaginaries,” Arang Keshavarzian and Waleed Hazbun, Geopolitics (May 2010).

Understanding “What Islamists Want:” Public Debate and Contestation in Lebanon and Yemen,” Stacey Philbrick Yadav, The Middle East Journal (Spring 2010).

Democracy Promotion, Civil Society Building, and the Primacy of Politics,” Manal A. Jamal, Comparative Political Studies (April 2010).

Defying the Resource Course,” Stephen Hertog, World Politics (April 2010). 

Sex and the Shaheed: Insights from the Life Sciences on Islamic Suicide Terrorism,” Bradley A. Thayer and Valerie M. Hudson, International Security (March 2010).

Spoiling the Peace? Peace Process Exclusivity and Political Violence in North-Central Africa,” Lisa Blaydes and Jennifer De Maio, Civil Wars (March 2010).

National Narratives and Migration: Discursive Strategies of Inclusion and Exclusion in Jordan and Lebanon,” Laurie A. Brand, International Migration Review (March 2010).

Education, Income, and Support for Suicide Bombings: Evidence from Six Muslim Countries,” M. Najeeb Shafiq and Abdulkader H. Sinno, Journal of Conflict Resolution (February 2010).

Taking People As They Are: Islam As a “Realistic Utopia” in the Political Theory of Sayyid Qutb,” Andrew March, American Political Science Review (February 2010).

Nonstate Actors and the Diffusion of Innovations: The Case of Suicide Terrorism,” Michael C. Horowitz, International Organization (January 2010).

Enough!: Egypt’s Quest for Democracy,” Rabab El-Mahdi, Comparative Political Studies (August 2009).

A Field Manual for the Cradle of Civilization,” Roger Myerson, Journal of Conflict Resolution (June 2009).

Power without Influence: The Bush Administration’s Foreign Policy Failure in the Middle East,” Jeremy Pressman, International Security (April 2009).

The Political Elite in the Islamic Republic of Iran: From Khomeini to Ahmadinejad,” Eva Patricia Rakel, Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2009).

The Synergy between Neoliberalism and Communitarianism: “Erdoğan’s Third Way,” Marcie J. Patton, Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2009).

Issues of Power and Modernity in Understanding Political and Militant Islam,” Tariq Amin-Khan, Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East (2009).

Public Opinion on Iraq and the Elasticity of Reality,” Matthew Baum and Tim Groeling, International Organization (August 2008).

Political Strategies and Regime Survival in Egypt,” Curtis Ryan, Journal of Third World Studies (2001).

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