September 4, 2012

Last updated: January 29, 2013.

Aday, Sean, Henry Farrell, Deen Freelon, Marc Lynch and John Sides. New Media and Conflict After the Arab Spring. US Institute for Peace (2012).

Adely, Fida. “The Emergence of a New Labor Movement in Jordan.” Middle East Report 264 (2012).

Ahmed, Amel. “Revolutionary blind spots: The politics of electoral choice and the Egyptian transition.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 3-12.

Ajami, Fouad. “The Arab Spring at One: A Year of Living Dangerously.” Foreign Affairs 91, no. 2 (2012): 56-65.

Albrecht, Holger and Dina Bishara. “Back on Horseback: The Military and Political Transformation in Egypt.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 13-23.

Alterman, Jon B. “The Revolution Will Not Be Tweeted.” Washington Quarterly 34, no. 4 (2011): 103-116.

Alterman, Jon B. and Haim Malka. “Shifting Eastern Mediterranean Geometry.” Washington Quarterly 35, no. 3 (2012): 111-125.

Aly, Ramy. “Rebuilding Egyptian Media for a Democratic Future.” Arab Media & Society 14 (2011), available at 20110531104306_Aly.pdf.

Amanat, Abbas. “The Spring of Hope and Winter of Despair.”  International Journal of Middle East Studies 44, no. 1 (2012): 147-149.

Anderson, Lisa. “Demystifying the Arab Spring: Parsing the Differences Between Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 3 (2011): 2-7.

Anderson, Lisa. “Too Much Information: Political Science, the University and the Public Sphere.” Perspectives on Politics 10, no.2 (2012): 385-396.

Aouragh, M., & Alexander , A. (2011). The Arab spring| the Egyptian experience: Sense and nonsense of the internet revolution. International Journal of communication , (5), 1344-1358. Retrieved from

Asad, Talal. “Fear and the Ruptured State: Reflections on Egypt after Mubarak.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 271-300.

Ayoob, Mohammed. “The Arab spring: its geostrategic significance.” Middle East Policy 19, no.3 (2012): 84-98.

Bali, Asli. “A Turkish Model for the Arab Spring?” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 24-42.

Barany, Zoltan. “The Role of the Military.” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 4 (2011): 24-35.

Barry, Ben. “Libya’s Lessons.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 5 (2011): 5-14.

Barwig, Andrew. “The new Palace Guards: Elections and Elites in Jordan and Morocco,” Middle East Journal (2012)

Bayat, Asaf. “Arab Revolutions and the Study of Middle Eastern Societies.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 386.

Beinin, Joel. “Egyptian Workers and January 25: A Social Movement in Historical Context.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 323-350.

Bellin, Eva. “Reconsidering the Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Lessons from the Arab Spring.” Comparative Politics 44, no. 2 (2012): 127-149.

Bellodi, Leonardo. “Libya’s Assets and the Question of Sovereignty.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 54, no. 2 (2012): 39-45.

Benchemsi, Ahmed. “Morocco: Outfoxing the Opposition.” Journal of Democracy 23, no. 1 (2012): 57-69.

Bernard-Maugiron, Nathalie. “Egypt’s Path to Transition: Democratic Challenges in the Constitution Reform Process.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 43-59.

Bou Nassif, Hicham. “Why the Egyptian Army Didn’t Shoot.” Middle East Report 265 (2012).

Brown, Nathan. “Remembering Our Roots.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 388.

Brown, Nathan. “Contention in Religion and State in Postrevolutionary Egypt.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 531-552.

Bulliett, Richard. “Neo-Mamluk Legitimacy and the Arab Spring.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 60-67.

Byman, Daniel. “Israel’s Pessimistic View of the Arab Spring.” Washington Quarterly 34, no. 3 (2012): 123-136.

Byman, Daniel, “Terrorism After the Revolutions: How Secular Uprisings Could Help (or Hurt) Jihadists.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 3 (2011): 48-54.

Byman, Daniel. “Regime Change in the Middle East: Problems and Prospects.” Political Science Quarterly 127, no.1 (2012): 25-46.

Calhoun, Craig.  “Libyan Money, Academic Missions, and Public Social Science.” Public Culture 24, no.1 (2012): 9-45.

Carey, John M. and Andrew Reynolds. “The Impact of Election Systems.” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 4 (2011): 36-47.

Chalcraft, John. “Horizontalism in the Egyptian Revolutionary Process.” Middle East Report 262 (2012): 6-11.

Chomiak, Laryssa. “The Making of a Revolution in Tunisia.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 68-83.

Chomiak, Laryssa and John P. Entelis. “The Making of North Africa’s Intifadas.” Middle East Report 259 (2011): 8-15.

Cole, Juan. “Egypt’s New Left versus the Military Junta.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 487-513.

Comunello, Francesca and Giuseppe Anzera. “Will the revolution be tweeted? A conceptual framework for understanding the social media and the Arab spring.” Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations 1 (2012): 1-18.

Dadush, Uri and Michele Dunne. “American and European Responses to the Arab Spring: What’s the Big Idea?” Washington Quarterly 34, no. 4 (2011): 131-145.

Dahi, Omar S. “Understanding the Political Economy of the Arab Revolts.” Middle East Report 259 (2011): 2-6.

Dajani, Nabil. “Technology Cannot a Revolution Make: Nas-book not Facebook.” Arab Media & Society 15 (2012), available at downloads/20120410222805_Dajani_Nabil.pdf.

Dalacoura, Katerina. “The 2011 Uprisings in the Arab Middle East: Political Change and Geopolitical Implications.” International Affairs 88, no. 1 (2012): 63-79.

David, Assaf. “Presence Out, Ideas In: Representation and Socio-Political Change in Jordan.” Representation 48, no. 1 (2012): 295-305.

Doran, Michael. “Doran Replies.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 4 (2011): 187-188.

Doran, Michael Scott. “The Heirs of Nasser: Who Will Benefit From the Second Arab Revolution?” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 3 (2011): 17-25.

Dorsey, James. “Pitched Battles: The role of Ultra soccer fans in the Arab Spring.” Mobilization 17, no.4 (2012), 411-418.

Elgindy, Khaled. “Egypt’s Troubled Transition: Elections without Democracy.” Journal of Democracy 35, no. 2 (2012): 89-104.

Elham, Fakhro and Emile Hokayem. “Waking the Arabs.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 2 (2011): 21-30.

Elsadda, Hoda. “Women’s rights activism in post-Jan25 Egypt: Combating the Shadow of the First Lady Syndrom in the Arab World.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 84-93.

Eltantawy, N., & Wiest , J. “Social media in the Egyptian revolution: Reconsidering resource mobilization theory.” International Journal of communication 5 (2011): 1207–1224.

Fadel, Mohammed. “Modernist Political Thought and the Egyptian and Tunisian Revolutions of 2011.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 94-104.

Fahmy, Hazem. “Initial perspective on ‘the winter of discontent’: The root causes of the Egyptian revolution.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 349-378.

Fandy, Mamoun. “Notes from Tahrir Square.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 2 (2011): 221-224.

Filali-Ansary, Abdou. “The Languages of the Arab Revolutions.” Journal of Democracy 23, no. 2 (2012): 5-18.

Fornaciari, F. ‘Framing the Egyptian Revolution: A content analysis of Al Jazeera English and the BBC’, Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research 4 (2011): 223–235.

Gause, F. Gregory, III. “Why Middle East Studies Missed the Arab Spring: The Myth of Authoritarian Stability.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 4 (2011): 81-90.

Gause, F. Gregory III and Ian S. Lustick. “America and the Regional Powers in a Changing Middle East.” Middle East Policy 19, no.2 (2012): 1-9.

Gause, F. Gregory III.  “The Year the Arab Spring Went Bad.”  Foreign Policy (January/February 2013).

Gazzini, Claudia. “Was the Libya Intervention Necessary?” Middle East Report 261 (2011): 2-9.

Genugten, Saskia van. “Libya after Gadhafi.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 3 (2011): 61-74.

El-Ghobashy, Mona. “The Praxis of the Egyptian Revolution.” Middle East Report 258 (2011): 2-13.

El-Ghobashy, Mona. “Politics By Other Means: In Egypt, Street Protests Set the Political Agenda. Boston Review 36:6 (2011): 39-44.

Gillis, Clare Morgan. “The End of History in the New Libya.” Foreign Policy 193 (2012): 105-107.

Goldstone, Jack A. “Understanding the Revolutions of 2011: Weakness and Resilience in Middle Eastern Autocracies.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 3(2011): 8-16.

Gopnik, Blake. “Revolution in a Can.” Foreign Policy 189 (2011): 92-93.

Gordon, Neve. “A Villa in a Jungle: The Arab Awakening Through the Lens of the Israeli Media.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 105-117.

Guirguis, Magdi. “The Copts and the Egyptian revolution.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012),511-532.

Haddad, Bassam. “The Syrian Regime’s Business Backbone.” Middle East Report 262 (2012): 26-27.

Haddad, Bassam.  “Syria’s Stalemate: The Limits of Regime Resilience.” Middle East Policy 19, no.1 (2012): 85-95.

Hall, Matthew. “Police Impunity in Imbaba.” Middle East Report 265 (2012).

Hamdy, Naila and Ehab Gomaa. “Framing the Egyptian uprising in Arabic language newspapers and social media.” Journal of Communication 62, no.2 (2012): 195-211.

Hamid, Shadi. “The Rise of the Islamists. How Islamists Will Change Politics, and Vice Versa.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 3 (2011): 40-47.

Hart, Peter. “What’s the Line?: Egypt and the Diplomatic Beat.” Middle East Report 258 (2011): 22-23.

Hassan, Robert. “‘Not Ready for Democracy:’ Social Networking and the Power of the People; The Revolts of 2011 in a Temporalized Context.” Arab Media & Society 15 (2012), available at Hassan_Robert.pdf.

Hatem, Mervat. “Gender and Revolution in Egypt.” Middle East Report 261 (2011): 36-41.

Haugbølle, Rikke Hostrup and Francesco Cavatorta. “Beyond Ghannouchi: Islamism and Social Change in Tunisia.” Middle East Report 262 (2012): 20-25.

Hamdy, Sherine. “Strength and vulnerability after Egypt’s Arab Spring uprisings.” American Ethnologist 39, no.1 (2012): 38-43.

Hazran, Yusri. “The Arab Revolutions: A Preliminary Reading.” Middle East Policy 19, no.3 (2012): 116-124.

Hellyer, H. A. “The Chance for Change in the Arab World: Egypt’s Uprising.” International Affairs 87, no. 6 (2011): 1313-1322.

Hermez, Sami. “On Dignity and Clientelism: Lebanon in the Context of the 2011 Arab Revolutions.” Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism 11: 3 (2011): 527-537.

Hinnebusch, Raymond. “Syria: From ‘Authoritarian Upgrading’ to Revolution?” International Affairs 88, no. 1 (2012): 95-113.

Hoffmann, Michael and Amaney Jamal. “The Youth and the Arab Spring: Cohort Differences and Similarities.” Middle East Law and Governance 4 (2012)

Hokayem, Emile. “Syria and its Neighbours.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 54, no. 2 (2012): 7-14.

Hollis, Rosemary. “No Friend of Democratization: Europe’s Role in the Genesis of the ‘Arab Spring.’” International Affairs 88, no. 1 (2012): 81-94.

Holmes, Amy Austin. “There are weeks when decades happen: Structure and strategy in the Egyptian revolution.” Mobilization 17, no.4 (2012), 391-410.

Hounshell, Blake. “Opening Gambit: The Revolution Will Be Tweeted.” Foreign Policy 187 (2011): 20-22.

Howard, Philip N. and Muzammil M. Hussain. “The Role of Digital Media.” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 3 (2011): 35-48.

Ibish, Hussein. “Was the Arab Spring Worth It?” Foreign Policy 194 (2012): 92-93.

Inbar, Efraim. “Israel’s National Security Amidst Unrest in the Arab World.” Washington Quarterly  35, no. 3 (2012): 59-73.

Ismail, Salwa. “The Syrian Uprising: Imagining and Performing the Nation.” Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism 11: 3 (2011): 538-549.

Ismail, Salwa. “The Egyptian revolution against the police.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 435-464.

Joffe, George. The Arab spring in North Africa: origins and prospectsThe Journal of North African Studies, 16, no.4 (2011): 507-535.

Johnstone, Sarah and Jeffrey Mazo,. “Global Warming and the Arab Spring.” Survival 53, no. 2 (2011): 11-17.

Jones, Bruce D. “Libya and the Responsibilities of Power.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 3 (2011): 51-60.

Jones, Toby.  “America, Oil and War in the Middle East.” Journal of American History 99, no.1 (2012): 208-218.

Karawan, Ibrahim A. “Politics and the Army in Egypt.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 2 (2011): 43-50.

Kaye, Dalia Dassa and Frederic Wehrey. “Arab Spring, Persian Winter: Will Iran Emerge the Winner from the Arab Revolt?” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 4 (2011): 183-186.

Keddie, Nikki R. “Arab and Iranian Revolts 1979-2011: Influences or Similar Causes? International Journal of Middle East Studies 44, no. 1 (2012): 150-152.

Keshavarzian, Arang. “Beyond 1979 and 2011: When Comparisons Distract.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 44, no. 1 (2012): 159-161.

Khamis, Sahar and Katherine Vaughn. “Cyberactivism in the Egyptian Revolution: How Civic Engagement and Citizen Journalism Tilted the Balance.” Arab Media & Society 13 (2011), available at

Khamis, Sahar, Paul B. Gold, and Katherine Vaughn. “Beyond Egypt’s ‘Facebook Revolution’ and Syria’s ‘YouTube Uprising:’ Comparing Political Contexts, Actors and Communication Strategies.” Arab Media & Society 15 (2012), available at http://www.

Khamis, S., & Vaughn, K. “We Are All Khaled Said: The potentials and limitations of cyberactivism in triggering public mobilization and promoting political change”. Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, 4 (2012): 145-163.

Kurzman, Charles. “The Arab Spring: Ideals of the Iranian Green Movement, Methods of the Iranian Revolution.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 44, no. 1 (2012): 162-165.

Kurzman, Charels. “The Arab Spring Uncoiled.” Mobilization 17, no.4 (2012), 377-390.

Lacroix, Stéphane. “Is Saudi Arabia Immune?” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 4 (2011): 48-59.

Lahlali, El Mustapha. “The Arab Spring and the Discourse of Desperation: Shifting from an Authoritarian Discourse to a Democratic One.” Arab Media & Society 14 (2011), available at

Landis, Joshua. “Why the Assad Regime Is Likely to Survive to 2013.”  Middle East Policy 19, no.1 (2012): 72-84.

Leenders, Reinoud. “Collective action and mobilization in Dar’a: An anatomy of the onset of Syria’s popular upsiring.” Mobilization 17, no.4 (2012), 419-434.

Leenders, Reinoud and Steven Heydemann. “Popular Mobilization in Syria: Opportunity and Threat, and the Social Networks of Early Risers.” Mediterranean Politics 17, no.2 (2012): 139-159.

Lim, Merlyana. “Clicks, cabs and coffee houses: Social media and oppositional movements in Egypt, 2004-2011.” Journal of Communication 62, no.2 (2012): 231-248.

Lotan, G., Graeff, E., Ananny, M., Gaffney, D., Pearce, I., & boyd, d. “The Arab Spring The Revolutions Were Tweeted: Information Flows during the 2011 Tunisian and Egyptian Revolutions.” International Journal of Communication 5 (2011).

Louër, Laurence. “A Decline of Identity Politics. International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 389-390.

Lutterbeck, Derek. “Arab uprisigns, armed forces, and civil-military relations.” Armed Forces and Society 39, no.1 (2013), 28-54.

Lynch, Marc. “After Egypt: The Limits and Promise of Online Challenges to the Authoritarian Arab.” Perspectives on Politics 9, no. 2 (2011): 301-310.

Lynch, Marc. “America and Egypt After the Uprisings.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 2 (2011): 31-42.

Lynch, Marc. “The Big Think Behind the Arab Spring.” Foreign Policy 190 (2011): 46-47.

Mallat, Chibli. “The Philosophy of the Mideast Revolution, Take One: Non-Violence.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011) 136–147

Marshall, Shana and Joshua Stacher. “Egypt’s Generals and Transnational Capital.” Middle East Report 262 (2012): 12-18.

Martini, Jeff and Julie Taylor. “Commanding Democracy in Egypt: The Military’s Attempt to Manage the Future.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 5 (2011): 127-137.

Marzouki, Nadia. “From People to Citizens in Tunisia.” Middle East Report 259 (2011): 16-19.

Marzouki, Nadia. “The call for dignity, or a particular universalism.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011) 148–158

Masoud, Tarek. “The Road to (and from) Liberation Square.” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 3 (2011): 20-34.

Masoud, Tarek. “Liberty, Democracy, and Discord in Egypt.” Washington Quarterly 34, no. 4 (2011): 117-129.

El-Meehy, Asya. “Egypt’s Popular Committees.” Middle East Report 265 (2012).

Menaldo, Victor. “The Middle East and North Africa’s Resilient Monarchs.” Journal of Politics 74, no. 3 (2012): 707-722.

Moghadam, Valentine. “Engendering Democracy.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 387.

Mohns, Erik and Andre Bank.  “Syrian revolt fallout: End of the Resistance axis?” Middle East Policy 19, no.3 (2012): 25-36.

Morey, David, et al. “Leader, follower or spectator?  President Obama and the Arab spring uprisings.” Social Science Quarterly 93, no.5 (2012), 1185-1203.

Nanabhay , M., & Farmanfarmaian , R. “From spectacle to spectacular: How physical space, social media and mainstream broadcast amplified the public sphere in Egypt’s ‘revolution.” The Journal of North African Studies, 16, no.4 (2011): 573-605.

Osman, Tarek. “Young Egyptians: Their Society and Their Future.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012),299-324.

Owen, Roger.  “The Arab ‘demonstration’ effect and the revival of Arab unity in the Arab Spring.” Contemporary Arab Affairs. 5 (2012)

Perthes, Volker. “Europe and the Arab Spring.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 6 (2011): 73-84.

Peterson, Mark Allen. “Egypt’s Media Ecology in a Time of Revolution.” Arab Media & Society 14 (2011), available at 20110531103710_Peterson.pdf.

PeutzNathalie. “Revolution in Socotra: A Perspective from Yemen’s Periphery.” Middle East Report 263 (2012): 14-16.

Pelham, Nicholas. “Libya in the Shadow of Iraq: The ‘Old Guard’ Versus the Thuwwar in the Battle for Stability.” International Peacekeeping 19 (4): 539-548.

Phillips, Christopher. “Syria’s Torment.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 54, no. 4 (2012): 67-82.

Plattner, Marc F. “The Global Context.” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 4 (2011): 5-12.

Puddington, Arch. “The Year of the Arab Uprisings.” Journal of Democracy 23, no. 2 (2012): 74-88.

Al-Rasheed, Madawi. “No Saudi Spring: Anatomy of a Failed Revolution.” Boston Review 37:2 (2012): 32-39.

Al-Rasheed, Madawi. “Sectarianism as Counter-Revolution: Saudi Responses to the Arab Spring.” Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism (2011)

Rizzo, Helen, Anne Price and Katherine Meyer. “Anti-Sexual Harrassment Campaign in Egypt.” Mobilization 17, no.4 (2012), 457-475.

Robertson, Graeme. “Think Again: Dictators.” Foreign Policy May/June (2011): 36-39.

Ross, Michael L. “Will Oil Drown the Arab Spring?: Democracy and the Resource Curse.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 5 (2011): 2-7.

Roy, Olivier. “The Transformation of the Arab World.” Journal of Democracy 23, no. 3 (2012): 5-18.

Ryan, Curtis. “The New Arab Cold War and the Struggle for Syria.” Middle East Report 262 (2012): 28-31.

Ryan, Curtis. “Identity Politics, Protest and Reform in Jordan,” Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism (2011)

Ryan, Curtis. “The Armed Forces and the Arab Uprisings: The Case of Jordan.” Middle East Law and Governance 4 (2012), 153-167.

Said, Atif. “The paradox of transition to ‘democracy’ under military rule.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 397-436.

Sallam, Hesham. “Striking Back at Egyptian Workers.” Middle East Report 259 (2011): 20-25. 

Salopek, Paul. “Conflict Graffiti.” Foreign Policy 189 (2011): 94-95.

Samaan, Jean-Loup. “Jordan’s New Geopolitics.” Survival 54, no. 2 (2012): 15-26.

Samin, Nadav. “Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and the Social Media Moment.” Arab Media & Society 15 (2012), available at 20120410221601_Samin_Nadav.pdf.

Al-Sayyad, Nazar and Mejgan Massoumi. “Religious Fundamentalisms in the City: Reflections on the Arab Spring.” Journal of International Affairs 65, no.2 (2012), 31-44.

Schaefer, John. “Protest Song Marocaine.” Middle East Report 263 (2012): 26-32.

Schielke, Samuli and Jessica Winegar. “The Writing on the Walls of Egypt.” Middle East Report 265 (2012).

Schraeder, Peter J. and Hamadi Redissi. “Ben Ali’s Fall.” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 3 (2011): 5-19.

Sedra, Paul. “Reconstituting the Coptic Community Amidst Revolution.” Middle East Report 265 (2012).

El Shakry, Omnia. “Imagining “the Political” Otherwise.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 384-385.

Al Sharekh, Alanoud. “Reform and Rebirth in the Middle East.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 2 (2011): 51-60.

Shehata, Dina. “The Fall of the Pharaoh: How Hosni Mubarak’s Reign Came to an End.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 3 (2011): 26-32.

Shokr, Ahmad. “The 18 Days of Tahrir.” Middle East Report 258 (2011): 14-19.

Shokr, Ahmad. “Reflections on Two Revolutions.” Middle East Report 265 (2012).

Singerman, Diane. “Liberation Meets the State.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 388-389.

Springborg, Robert. “The Precarious Economics of Arab Springs.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 6 (2011): 85-104.

Stacher, Joshua. “Establishment Mursi.” Middle East Report 265 (2012).

Stein, Ewan. “Revolution or Coup? Egypt’s Fraught Transition.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 54, no. 4 (2012): 45-66.

Stepan, Alfred. “Tunisia’s Transition and the Twin Tolerations.” Journal of Democracy 23, no. 2 (2012): 89-103.

Swedenburg, Ted. “Egypt’s Music of Protest.” Middle East Report 265 (2012).

Tabishat, Mohammed. “Society in Cinema: Anticipating the Revolution in Egyptian Fiction and Movies” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 377-398.

Tadros, Mariz. “Sectarianism and Its Discontents in Post-Mubarak Egypt.” Middle East Report 259 (2011): 26-31.

Taleb, Nassim Nicholas, and Mark Blyth. “The Black Swan of Cairo: How Suppressing Volatility Makes the World Less Predictable and More Dangerous.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 3 (2011): 33-39.

Teti, Andrea and Gernaro Gervasio. “The Unbearable Lightness of Authoritarianism: Lessons from the Arab Uprisings.” Mediterranean Politics 16, no.2 (2011), 321-327.

Tignora, Robert L. “Can a New Generation Bring about Regime Change?” International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 384.

Tobin, Sarah. “Jordan’s Arab Spring: The Middle Class and Anti-Revolution“ Middle East Policy 19, no.3 (2012)

Toensing, Chris et al. “Tunisian Labor Leaders Reflect Upon Revolt.” Middle East Report 258 (2011): 30-32.

Tufekci, Zeynep and Christopher Wilson. “Social media and the decision to participate in political protest: Observations from Tahrir Square.” Journal of Communication 62, no.2 (2012): 363-379.

Volpi, Frederic. “Explaining (and Re-Explaining) Political Change in the Middle East During the Arab Spring: Trajectories of Democratization and of Authoritarianism in the Maghreb.” Democratization. Forthcoming.

Way, Lucan. “The Lessons of 1989.” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 4 (2011): 13-23.

Worrall, James. “Oman: The forgotten corner of the Arab spring.” Middle East Policy 19, no.3 (2012): 98-115.

Zeghal, Malika. “Resistance Movements, the State, and National Identities.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 390.


© 2011. Project on Middle East Political Science. All rights reserved.