Academic Works

Arab Uprisings Bibliography

September 4, 2012

We have gotten multiple requests for recommendations of works on the Arab Uprisings, so we are happy to provide! Please send along any new academic articles or publications to me_casey@gwu.edu and we will continue to update the Arab Uprisings Bibliography.

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last updated: November 21, 2014

Abdelrahman, Maha. “In Praise of Organization: Egypt Between Activism and Revolution.” Development and Change 44, no.3 (2013), 569-85.

Abdelrahman, Maha. “A hierarchy of struggles? The economic and the political in Egypt’s revolution.” Review of African Political Economy 39 (2012): 614-28.

Abdelbaki, Hisham. “The Arab Spring: Do We Need a New Theory?” Modern Economy 4 (2013), 187-196.

Aday, Sean, Henry Farrell, Deen Freelon, Marc Lynch and John Sides. New Media and Conflict After the Arab Spring. US Institute for Peace (2012).

Aday, Sean, et al., “Watching from Afar: Media Consumption Patterns Around the Arab Spring.” American Behavioral Scientist 57, no.4 (2013).

Adely, Fida. “The Emergence of a New Labor Movement in Jordan.” Middle East Report 264 (2012).

Affaya, Mohammed Noureddine. “The ‘Arab Spring’: Breaking the Chains of Authoritarianism and Postponed Democracy.” Contemporary Arab Affairs 4, no.4 (2011), 463-83.

Ahmed, Amel. “Revolutionary blind spots: The politics of electoral choice and the Egyptian transition.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 3-12.

Ahy, Maximillian Hänska. “Networked communication and the Arab Spring: Linking broadcast and social media.” New Media & Society (2014): 1461444814538634.

Ajami, Fouad. “The Arab Spring at One: A Year of Living Dangerously.” Foreign Affairs 91, no. 2 (2012): 56-65.

Albrecht, Holger. “Does Coup-Proofing Work? Political–Military Relations in Authoritarian Regimes amid the Arab Uprisings.” Mediterranean Affairs Online (2014)

Albrecht, Holger and Dina Bishara. “Back on Horseback: The Military and Political Transformation in Egypt.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 13-23.

Alexander, Anne and Miriyam Aouragh. “Arab Revolutions: Breaking Fear| Egypt’s Unfinished Revolution: The Role of the Media Revisited.” International Journal of Communication 8 (2014): 26.

Al-Ali, Najda. “Gendering the Arab Spring.” Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication 5 (2012), 26-31.

Allam, Nermin. “Arab Revolutions: Breaking Fear| Blesses and Curses: Virtual Dissidence as a Contentious Performance in the Arab Spring’s Repertoire of Contention.” International Journal of Communication 8 (2014): 18.

Allegra, Marco, et al. “Rethinking Cities in Contentious Times: The Mobilisation of Urban Dissent in the Arab Spring.” Urban Studies 50.9 (2013): 1675-1688.

Alley, April L. “Assessing (In)Security after the Arab Spring: The Case of Yemen.” PS (October 2013): 721-6.

Alley, April L. “Yemen Changes Everything.. And Nothing.” Journal of Democracy 24, no.4 (2013): 74-85.

Alterman, Jon B. “The Revolution Will Not Be Tweeted.” Washington Quarterly 34, no. 4 (2011): 103-116.

Alterman, Jon B. and Haim Malka. “Shifting Eastern Mediterranean Geometry.” Washington Quarterly 35, no. 3 (2012): 111-125.

Altunişik, Meliha Benli. “Turkey as an ‘Emerging Donor’and the Arab Uprisings.” Mediterranean Politics ahead-of-print (2014): 1-18.

Aly, Ramy. “Rebuilding Egyptian Media for a Democratic Future.” Arab Media & Society 14 (2011).

Amanat, Abbas. “The Spring of Hope and Winter of Despair.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 44, no. 1 (2012): 147-149.

Ambrosio, Thomas. “Democratic states and authoritarian firewalls: America as a black knight in the uprising in Bahrain.” Contemporary Politics ahead-of-print (2014): 1-16.

Anani, Khalil and Maszlee Malik. “Pious Way to Politics: The Rise of Political Salafism in Post-Mubarak Egypt.” Digest of Middle East Politics 22, no.1: 57-73

Anden-Papadopolous, Kari and Mervi Pantti. “The Media Work of Syrian Diaspora Activists.” International Journal of Communication 7 (2013): 2185-2206.

Anderson, Jeremy. “Intersecting arcs of mobilisation: The transnational trajectories of Egyptian dockers’ unions.” European Urban and Regional Studies 20 (2013).

Anderson, Lisa. “Demystifying the Arab Spring: Parsing the Differences Between Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 3 (2011): 2-7.

Anderson, Lisa. “Too Much Information: Political Science, the University and the Public Sphere.” Perspectives on Politics 10, no.2 (2012): 385-396.

Angrist, Michelle P. “Understanding the Success of Mass Civic Protest in Tunisia.” Middle East Journal 67, no.4 (2013): 547-64.

Aouragh, Miriyam and Anne Alexander. “The Arab Spring: The Egyptian Experience: Sense and Nonsense of the Internet Revolution.” International Journal of Communication 5 (2011): 1344-1358.

Arjomand, Said Amir. “The Islam and Democracy Debate after 2011.” Constellations 20, no.2 (2013): 297-311.

Asad, Talal. “Fear and the Ruptured State: Reflections on Egypt after Mubarak.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012): 271-300.

Ayeb, Habib. “Social and political geography of the Tunisian revolution.” Review of African Political Economy 38 (2011).

Ayoob, Mohammed. “The Arab Spring: Its Geostrategic Significance.” Middle East Policy 19, no.3 (2012): 84-98.

Bali, Asli. “A Turkish Model for the Arab Spring?” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 24-42.

Bamyeh, Mohammed. “Anarchist Philosophy, Civic Traditions and the Culture of the Arab Revolutions.” Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication 5 (2012): 32-41.

Banai, Hussein. “Democratic solidarity: Rethinking democracy promotion in the Middle East.” Security Dialogue 44, no.5-6: 411-29.

Bandak, Andreas. “Reckoning with the Inevitable: Death and Dying among Syrian Christians during the Uprising.” Ethnos ahead-of-print (2014): 1-21.

Barany, Zoltan. “The Role of the Military.” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 4 (2011): 24-35.

Barkey, Henri. “Turkish-Iranian competition after the Arab spring.”  Survival 54, no.6 (2012)

Barnartt, Sharon N. “The Arab Spring Protests and Concurrent Disability Protests: Social Movement Spillover or Spurious Relationship?” Studies in Social Justice 8.1 (2014): 67-78.

Barnes, Ashley. “Creating democrats? Testing the Arab spring.” Middle East Policy 20, no.2 (2013)

Barry, Ben. “Libya’s Lessons.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 5 (2011): 5-14.

Barthel, Pierre-Arnaud, and Leïla Vignal. “Arab Mediterranean Megaprojects after the ‘Spring’: Business as Usual or a New Beginning?” Built Environment 40.1 (2014): 52-71.

Barwig, Andrew. “The New Palace Guards: Elections and Elites in Jordan and Morocco,” Middle East Journal (2012).

Basok, Tanya. “Reclaiming Democracy and Social Justice: The Arab Spring, Occupy, and Radical Imaginaries in the 21st Century.” Studies in Social Justice 8.1 (2014): 1-4.

Batniji, Rajaie, et al. “Governance and health in the Arab world.” The Lancet 383.9914 (2014): 343-355.

Bayat, Asef. “Arab Revolutions and the Study of Middle Eastern Societies.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 386.

Bayat, Asef. “The Arab Spring and its Surprises.” Development and Change 44, no.3 (2013), 587-601.

Beinin, Joel. “Civil Society, NGOs, and Egypt’s 2011 Popular Uprising.” South Atlantic Quarterly 113.2 (2014): 396-406.

Beinin, Joel. “Egyptian Workers and January 25: A Social Movement in Historical Context.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 323-350.

Bellin, Eva. “Reconsidering the Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Lessons from the Arab Spring.” Comparative Politics 44, no. 2 (2012): 127-149.

Bellodi, Leonardo. “Libya’s Assets and the Question of Sovereignty.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 54, no. 2 (2012): 39-45.

Benchemsi, Ahmed. “Morocco: Outfoxing the Opposition.” Journal of Democracy 23, no. 1 (2012): 57-69.

Benhabib, Seyla. “The new legitimation crises of Arab states and Turkey.” Philosophy & Social Criticism 40.4-5 (2014): 349-358.

Benski, Tova and Lauren Langman. “The effects of affects: The place of emotions in the mobilizations of 2011.” Current Sociology 61.4 (2013): 525-540.

Bernard-Maugiron, Nathalie. “Egypt’s Path to Transition: Democratic Challenges in the Constitution Reform Process.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 43-59.

Blake, Jillian Nicole, and Aqsa Mahmud. “The Arab Spring’s Four Seasons: International Protections and the Sovereignty Problem.” Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs 3.1 (2014).

Boduszyski, Mieczystaw P. and Duncan Picard. “Libya Starts from Scratch.” Journal of Democracy 24, no.4 (2013): 86-96.

Bou Nassif, Hicham. “Why the Egyptian Army Didn’t Shoot.” Middle East Report 265 (2012).

Brooks, Risa. “Abandoned at the Palace: Why the Tunisian Military Defected from the Ben Ali Regime in January 2011.” Journal of Strategic Studies 36, no.2 (2013), 205-220.

Brown, Nathan. “Egypt’s Failed Transition.” Journal of Democracy 24, no.4 (2013): 45-58.

Brown, Nathan. “Remembering Our Roots.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 388.

Brown, Nathan. “Contention in Religion and State in Postrevolutionary Egypt.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 531-552.

Brownlee, Jason, Tarek Masoud and Andrew Reynolds. “Tracking the Arab Spring: Why the Modest Harvest?” Journal of Democracy 24, no.4 (2013).

Brumberg, Daniel. “Transforming the Arab World’s Protection-Racket Politics.” Journal of Democracy 24, no.3 (2013).

Bruns, Axel, Tim Highfield and Jean Burgess. “The Arab Spring and Social Media Audiences.” American Behavioral Scientist 57, no.11 (2013): 871-98.

Buckner, Elizabeth, and Lina Khatib. “The Martyrs’ Revolutions: The Role of Martyrs in the Arab Spring.” British Journal of Middle Eastern Studies ahead-of-print (2014): 1-17.

Buehler, Matt. “Safety-Valve Elections and the Arab Spring: The Weakening (and Resurgence) of Morocco’s Islamist Party.” Terrorism and Political Violence 25, no.1 (2013), 137-156.

Buehler, Matt. “The Threat to ‘Un-Moderate’: Moroccan Islamists and the Arab Spring.” Middle East Law and Governance 5.3 (2013): 231-257.

Bulliett, Richard. “Neo-Mamluk Legitimacy and the Arab Spring.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 60-67.

Burgess, J. Peter and Costas Constantinou. “New Middle East, new insecurities and the limits of liberation geography.” Security Dialogue 44, no.5-6 (2013): 365-73.

Byman, Daniel. “Israel’s Pessimistic View of the Arab Spring.” Washington Quarterly 34, no. 3 (2012): 123-136.

Byman, Daniel. “Sectarianism Afflicts the New Middle East.” Survival 56.1 (2014): 79-100.

Byman, Daniel, “Terrorism After the Revolutions: How Secular Uprisings Could Help (or Hurt) Jihadists.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 3 (2011): 48-54.

Byman, Daniel. “Explaining the Western Response to the Arab Spring.” Journal of Strategic Studies 36, no.2 (2013), 289-320.

Byman, Daniel. “Regime Change in the Middle East: Problems and Prospects.” Political Science Quarterly 127, no.1 (2012): 25-46.

Calhoun, Craig.  “Libyan Money, Academic Missions, and Public Social Science.” Public Culture 24, no.1 (2012): 9-45.

Carapico, Sheila. “Demonstrators, Dialogues, Drones and Dialectics.” Middle East Report 269 (2013): 21-25.

Carey, John M. and Andrew Reynolds. “The Impact of Election Systems.” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 4 (2011): 36-47.

Cavatorta, Francesco and Paola Rivetti. “EU–MENA Relations from the Barcelona Process to the Arab Uprisings: A New Research Agenda.” Journal of European Integration 36.6 (2014): 619-625.

Celestino, Mauricio Rivera and Kristian Gleditsch. “Fresh carnations or all thorn, no rose? Nonviolent campaigns and transitions in autocracies.” Journal of Peace Research 50, no.3 (2013), 385-400.

Chalcraft, John. “Horizontalism in the Egyptian Revolutionary Process.” Middle East Report 262 (2012): 6-11.

Charrad, Mounira M., and Amina Zarrugh. “Equal or complementary? Women in the new Tunisian Constitution after the Arab Spring.” The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014): 230-243.

Chaudhry, Irfan. “Hashtags for Change: Can Twitter Generate Social Progress in Saudi Arabia.” International Journal of Communication 8 (2014): 19.

Chen, Sibo. “Corpus Linguistics in Critical Discourse Analysis: A Case Study on News Reports of the 2011 Libyan Civil War.” Stream: Culture/Politics/Technology 5.1 (2014): 21-28.

Cheriet, Boutheina. “The Arab Spring exception: Algeria’s political ambiguities and citizenship rights.” The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014): 143-156.

Chomiak, Laryssa. “The Making of a Revolution in Tunisia.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 68-83.

Chomiak, Laryssa and John P. Entelis. “The Making of North Africa’s Intifadas.” Middle East Report 259 (2011): 8-15.

Choudhry, Sumit. “Constitutional transitions in the Middle East: introduction.” International Journal of Constitutional Law 11 (2013).

Cole, Juan. “Egypt’s New Left versus the Military Junta.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 487-513.

Comunello, Francesca and Giuseppe Anzera. “Will the revolution be tweeted? A conceptual framework for understanding the social media and the Arab spring.” Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations 1 (2012): 1-18.

Dadush, Uri and Michele Dunne. “American and European Responses to the Arab Spring: What’s the Big Idea?” Washington Quarterly 34, no. 4 (2011): 131-145.

Dahi, Omar S. “Understanding the Political Economy of the Arab Revolts.” Middle East Report 259 (2011): 2-6.

Dahi, Omar and Yasser Munif. “Revolts in Syria: Tracking the Convergence Between Authoritarianism and Neoliberalism.” Journal of Asian and African Studies 47, no.4 (2012): 323-332.

Dajani, Nabil. “Technology Cannot a Revolution Make: Nas-book not Facebook.” Arab Media & Society 15 (2012).

Dalacoura, Katerina. “The 2011 Uprisings in the Arab Middle East: Political Change and Geopolitical Implications.” International Affairs 88, no. 1 (2012): 63-79.

Dalmasso, Emanuela and Francesco Cavatorta. “Democracy, Civil Liberties and the Role of Religion after the Arab Awakening: Constitutional Reforms in Tunisia and Morocco.” Mediterranean Politics 18, no.2 (2013).

Davenport, Christian and Will Moore.  “The Arab Spring, Winter, and Back Again? (Re)Introducing the Dissent-Repression Nexus with a Twist.” International Interaction 38, no.5 (2012): 704-13.

David, Assaf. “Presence Out, Ideas In: Representation and Socio-Political Change in Jordan.” Representation 48, no. 1 (2012): 295-305.

Dennison, Susi. “The EU and North Africa after the revolutions: A new start or plus ca change?” Mediterranean Politics 13 (2013)

Desrues, Thierry. “Mobilizations in a hybrid regime: The 20th February Movement and the Moroccan Regime.” Current Sociology (2013).

Diamond, Larry, et al. “Reconsidering the Transition Paradigm.” Journal of Democracy 25.1 (2014): 86-100.

Dickinson, Rob. “Responsibility to Protect: Arab Spring Perspectives.” Buffalo Human Rights Law Review 20(2014): 91-123.

Doran, Michael Scott. “The Heirs of Nasser: Who Will Benefit From the Second Arab Revolution?” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 3 (2011): 17-25.

Dorsey, James. “Pitched Battles: The role of Ultra soccer fans in the Arab Spring.” Mobilization 17, no.4 (2012), 411-418.

Droz-Vincent, Phillipe. “Prospects for Democratic Control of the Armed Forces? Comparative Insights and Lessons for the Arab World in Transition.” Armed Forces and Society (2013).

Droz-Vincent, Philippe. “‘State of Barbary”’(Take Two): From the Arab Spring to the Return of Violence in Syria.” The Middle East Journal 68.1 (2014): 33-58.

Durac, Vincent. “Protest movements and political change: an analysis of the ‘Arab uprisings’ of 2011.” Journal of Contemporary African Affairs 31, no.2 (2013): 175-193.

Elgindy, Khaled. “Egypt’s Troubled Transition: Elections without Democracy.” Journal of Democracy 35, no. 2 (2012): 89-104.

Elham, Fakhro and Emile Hokayem. “Waking the Arabs.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 2 (2011): 21-30.

Elmasry, Mohamad, Dina Mohamed Basiony, and Sara Farag Elkamel. “Egyptian Journalistic Professionalism in the Context of Revolution: Comparing Survey Results from Before and After the January 25, 2011 Uprising.” International Journal of Communication, 8 (2014): 23.

Elsadda, Hoda. “Women’s rights activism in post-Jan25 Egypt: Combating the Shadow of the First Lady Syndrom in the Arab World.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 84-93.

Elsayyad, May. “Voting Islamist or voting secular? An empirical analysis of voting outcomes in Egypt’s “Arab Spring”.” Public Choice 160.1-2 (2014): 109-130.

Eltantawy, N., & Wiest, J. “Social media in the Egyptian revolution: Reconsidering resource mobilization theory.” International Journal of Communication 5 (2011): 1207–1224.

Ennis, Crystal and Bessma Momani. “Shaping the Middle East in the Midst of the Arab Uprisings.” Third World Quarterly 34, no.6 (2013).

Errazzouki, Samia. “Working-class women revolt: gendered political economy in Morocco.” The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014): 259-267.

Fadel, Mohammed. “Modernist Political Thought and the Egyptian and Tunisian Revolutions of 2011.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 94-104.

Fadel, Mohammad. “Judicial institutions, the legitimacy of Islamic state law and democratic transition in Egypt.” International Journal of Constitutional Law 11, no.3 (2013): 646-665.

Fahmy, Hazem. “Initial perspective on ‘the winter of discontent’: The root causes of the Egyptian revolution.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 349-378.

Fakhoury, Tamirace. “The EU and Lebanon in the Wake of the Arab Uprisings.” Middle East Policy 21.1 (2014): 133-143.

Fakhoury, Tamirace. “Do Power-Sharing Systems Behave Differently amid Regional Uprisings?: Lebanon in the Arab Protest Wave.” The Middle East Journal 68.4 (2014): 505-520.

Fandy, Mamoun. “Notes from Tahrir Square.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 2 (2011): 221-224.

Filali-Ansary, Abdou. “The Languages of the Arab Revolutions.” Journal of Democracy 23, no. 2 (2012): 5-18.

Foran, John. “Beyond Insurgency to Radical Social Change: The New Situation.” Studies in Social Justice 8.1 (2014): 5-25.

Fornaciari, F. “Framing the Egyptian Revolution: A content analysis of Al Jazeera English and the BBC,” Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research 4 (2011): 223–235.

Forstenlecher, Ingo, Emilie Rutledge and Rashed al Nuaimi, “The UAE, the Arab Spring, and Different Kinds of Dissent.” Middle East Policy (2012).

Frisch, Hillel. “The Egyptian Army and Egypt’s “Spring.”” Journal of Strategic Studies 36, no.2 (2013), 180-204.

Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed and Tara Vassefi. “Perceptions of the Arab Spring Within the Salafi-Jihadi Movement.”  Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 35, 831-848.

Gaub, Florence. “The Libyan Armed Forces Between Coup-Proofing and Repression.” Journal of Strategic Studies 36, no.2 (2013), 221-244.

Gause, F. Gregory, III. “Why Middle East Studies Missed the Arab Spring: The Myth of Authoritarian Stability.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 4 (2011): 81-90.

Gause, F. Gregory III and Ian S. Lustick. “America and the Regional Powers in a Changing Middle East.” Middle East Policy 19, no.2 (2012): 1-9.

Gazzini, Claudia. “Was the Libya Intervention Necessary?” Middle East Report 261 (2011): 2-9.

Genugten, Saskia van. “Libya after Gadhafi.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 3 (2011): 61-74.

Al-Gharbi, Musa. “Syria Contextualized: The Numbers Game.” Middle East Policy 20, no.1 (2013).

El-Ghobashy, Mona. “The Praxis of the Egyptian Revolution.” Middle East Report 258 (2011): 2-13.

El-Ghobashy, Mona. “Politics By Other Means: In Egypt, Street Protests Set the Political Agenda.” Boston Review 36:6 (2011): 39-44.

Gillis, Clare Morgana. “The End of History in the New Libya.” Foreign Policy 193 (2012): 105-107.

Gledhill, John. “Managing (In)Security in the Post-Arab Spring Transitions.” PS (October 2013): 736-41.

Golan, Guy. “The gates of op-ed diplomacy: Newspaper framing of the 2011 Egyptian revolution.” International Communication Gazette (2013).

Goldberg, Ellis. “The Urban Roots of the Arab Spring.” Available at SSRN 2426960 (2014).

Goldstone, Jack A. “Understanding the Revolutions of 2011: Weakness and Resilience in Middle Eastern Autocracies.” Foreign Affairs90, no. 3(2011): 8-16.

Gopnik, Blake. “Revolution in a Can.” Foreign Policy 189 (2011): 92-93.

Gordon, Neve. “A Villa in a Jungle: The Arab Awakening Through the Lens of the Israeli Media.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 105-117.

Greenwood, Maja and Ole Waever. “Copenhagen-Cairo on a Roundtrip: A security theory meets revolution.” Security Dialogue 44, no.5-6: 485-506.

Greffrath, Wynand, and André Duvenhage. “The Arab Spring: Theoretical perspectives on the regimes of North Africa and the Middle East.” South African Journal of International Affairs 21.1 (2014): 27-44.

Guirguis, Magdi. “The Copts and the Egyptian revolution.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 511-532.

Guzansky, Yoel, and Benedetta Berti. “Is the New Middle East Stuck in Its Sectarian Past? The Unspoken Dimension of the “Arab Spring”.” Orbis 57.1 (2014): 135-151.

Hababou, Moez and Nawel Amrouche. “Misconceptions and Realities in the 2011 Tunisian Election.” PS 46 (Oct. 2013): 741-8.

Haddad, Bassam. “The Syrian Regime’s Business Backbone.” Middle East Report 262 (2012): 26-27.

Haddad, Bassam.  “Syria’s Stalemate: The Limits of Regime Resilience.” Middle East Policy 19, no.1 (2012): 85-95.

Haddad, Bassam. “Knowledge production on the Middle East in times of upheaval.” PS 46, no.2 (2013).

Hafez, Sherine. “The revolution shall not pass through women’s bodies: Egypt, uprising and gender politics.” The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014): 172-185.

Hale, Henry. “Regime Change Cascades: What We Have Learned from the 1848 Revolutions to the 2011 Arab Uprisings.” Annual Reviews of Political Science 16 (2013): 331-53.

Hall, Matthew. “Police Impunity in Imbaba.” Middle East Report 265 (2012).

Halverson, Jeffry, Scott Ruston and Angela Trethewy. “Mediated Martyrs of the Arab Spring: New Media, Civil Religion, and Narrative in Tunisia and Egypt.” Journal of Communication 63 (2013).

Hamdy, Naila and Ehab Gomaa. “Framing the Egyptian uprising in Arabic language newspapers and social media.” Journal of Communication 62, no.2 (2012): 195-211.

Hamid, Shadi. “The Rise of the Islamists. How Islamists Will Change Politics, and Vice Versa.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 3 (2011): 40-47.

Hanafi, Sari. “The Arab revolutions: the emergence of a new political subjectivity.” Contemporary Arab Affairs 5, no.2 (2012), 198-213.

Hanna, Michael Wahid. “The Seven Pillars of the Arab Future.” Democracy 28 (2013)

Hannoum, Abdelmajid. “Tangier in the time of Arab revolutions: an ethnopolitical diary.” Journal of North African Studies 18, no.2 (2013): 272-90.

Härdig, Anders C. “Beyond the Arab revolts: conceptualizing civil society in the Middle East and North Africa.” Democratization ahead-of-print (2014): 1-23.

Harrelson-Stephens, Julie, and Rhonda L. Callaway. “You Say You Want a Revolution: the Arab Spring, Norm Diffusion, and the Human Rights Regime.” Human Rights Review (2014): 1-19.

Hart, Peter. “What’s the Line?: Egypt and the Diplomatic Beat.” Middle East Report 258 (2011): 22-23.

Haseeb, Khair al-Din. “The Arab spring revisited.” Contemporary Arab Affairs 5, no.2 (2012), 185-197.

Hassan, Robert. “‘Not Ready for Democracy:’ Social Networking and the Power of the People; The Revolts of 2011 in a Temporalized Context.” Arab Media & Society 15 (2012).

Hatem, Mervat. “Gender and Revolution in Egypt.” Middle East Report 261 (2011): 36-41.

Haugbølle, Rikke Hostrup and Francesco Cavatorta. “Beyond Ghannouchi: Islamism and Social Change in Tunisia.” Middle East Report 262 (2012): 20-25.

Hamdy, Sherine. “Strength and vulnerability after Egypt’s Arab Spring uprisings.” American Ethnologist 39, no.1 (2012): 38-43.

Haynes, Jeffrey. “The Arab Uprising, Islamists and Democratization.” Mediterranean Politics 18, no.2 (2013)

Hazran, Yusri. “The Arab Revolutions: A Preliminary Reading.” Middle East Policy 19, no.3 (2012): 116-124.

Hellyer, H. A. “The Chance for Change in the Arab World: Egypt’s Uprising.” International Affairs 87, no. 6 (2011): 1313-1322.

Hermez, Sami. “On Dignity and Clientelism: Lebanon in the Context of the 2011 Arab Revolutions.” Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism 11: 3 (2011): 527-537.

Hess, Steve. “From the Arab spring to the Chinese winter:  The institutional sources of authoritarian vulnerability and resilience in Egypt, Tunisia and China.” International Political Science Review (2013)

Heydemann, Steven. “Syria and the Future of Authoritarianism.” Journal of Democracy 24, no.4 (2013): 59-73.

El-Hibri, Hatim. “Arab Revolutions: Breaking Fear| The Cultural Logic of Visibility in the Arab Uprisings.” International Journal of Communication 8 (2014): 18.

Hinnebusch, Raymond. “Historical Sociology and the Arab Uprising.” Mediterranean Politics 19.1 (2014): 137-140.

Hinnebusch, Raymond. “Syria: From ‘Authoritarian Upgrading’ to Revolution?” International Affairs 88, no. 1 (2012): 95-113.

Hoffmann, Michael and Amaney Jamal. “The Youth and the Arab Spring: Cohort Differences and Similarities.” Middle East Law and Governance 4 (2012)

Hoffmann, Anja and Christoph Konig. “Scratching the Democratic Facade: Framing Strategies of the 20 February Movement.” Mediterranean Politics (2013).

Hokayem, Emile. “Syria and its Neighbours.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 54, no. 2 (2012): 7-14.

Hollis, Rosemary. “No Friend of Democratization: Europe’s Role in the Genesis of the ‘Arab Spring.’” International Affairs 88, no. 1 (2012): 81-94.

Holmes, Amy Austin. “There are weeks when decades happen: Structure and strategy in the Egyptian revolution.” Mobilization 17, no.4 (2012), 391-410.

Hounshell, Blake. “Opening Gambit: The Revolution Will Be Tweeted.” Foreign Policy 187 (2011): 20-22.

Howard, Philip N. and Muzammil M. Hussain. “The Role of Digital Media.” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 3 (2011): 35-48.

Hussain, Muzammil M. and Philip N. Howard. “What Best Explains Successful Protest Cascades?” International Studies Review 15, no.1 (2013): 48-66.

Ibish, Hussein. “Was the Arab Spring Worth It?” Foreign Policy 194 (2012): 92-93.

Inbar, Efraim. “Israel’s National Security Amidst Unrest in the Arab World.” Washington Quarterly  35, no. 3 (2012): 59-73.

Isaac, Sally Khalifa. “The Egyptian Transition, 2011–13: How Strategic to Europe?” Middle East Policy 21.1 (2014): 154-165.

Iskander, Adel. “Teaching the Arab Uprisings: Between Media Maelstrom and Pedantic Pegagogy.” PS 46, no.2 (2013)

Ismail, Salwa. “The Syrian Uprising: Imagining and Performing the Nation.” Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism 11: 3 (2011): 538-549.

Ismail, Salwa. “The Egyptian revolution against the police.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 435-464.

Ismail, Salwa. “Urban Subalterns in the Arab Revolutions: Cairo and Damascus in Comparative Perspective.”  Comparative Studies in Society and History 55, no.4 (2013): 865-94.

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Johnstone, Sarah and Jeffrey Mazo,. “Global Warming and the Arab Spring.” Survival 53, no. 2 (2011): 11-17.

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Mallat, Chibli. “The Philosophy of the Mideast Revolution, Take One: Non-Violence.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011) 136–147.

Malmvig, Helle. “Power, Identity and Securitization in Middle East: Regional Order after the Arab Uprisings.” Mediterranean Politics 19.1 (2014): 145-148.

Mamadouh, Virginie. “Making Sense of Ongoing Revolutions.” Geopolitics 18, no.3 (2013)

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Markham, Tim. “Social media, protest cultures and political subjectivities of the Arab spring.” Media, Culture & Society 36.1 (2014): 89-104.

Marks, Monica. “Youth Politics and Tunisian Salafism.” Mediterranean Politics 13 (2013)

Marshall, Shana and Joshua Stacher. “Egypt’s Generals and Transnational Capital.” Middle East Report 262 (2012): 12-18.

Martini, Jeff and Julie Taylor. “Commanding Democracy in Egypt: The Military’s Attempt to Manage the Future.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 5 (2011): 127-137.

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Massad, Joseph. “Love, Fear, and the Arab Spring.” Public Culture 26.1 72 (2014): 127-152.

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Medani, Khalid Mustafa. “Teaching the ‘New Middle East’ Beyond Authoritarianism.” PS 46, no.2 (2013).

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Menaldo, Victor. “The Middle East and North Africa’s Resilient Monarchs.” Journal of Politics 74, no. 3 (2012): 707-722.

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Moghadam, Valentine. “Engendering Democracy” International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 387.

Moghadam, Valentine. “Modernising women and democratisation after the Arab Spring.” The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014): 137-142.

Moghadam, Valentine. “What is democracy? Promises and perils of the Arab Spring.” Current Sociology (2013)

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Moore, Pete. “The Bread Revolutions of 2011: Teaching the Political Economies of the Middle East.” PS 46, no.2(2013).

Moore, Pauline, and Sandile Lukhele. “Algeria’s avoidance of its own Arab Spring: North-Africa-issue in focus.” Africa Conflict Monthly Monitor (2014): 34-38.

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Nepstad, Sharon Erickson. “Mutiny and nonviolence in the Arab Spring: Exploring military defections and loyalty in Egypt, Bahrain and Syria.” Journal of Peace Research 50, no.3 (2013), 337-49.

Nossett, James Michael. “Free Exercise After the Arab Spring: Protecting Egypt’s Religious Minorities Under the Country’s New Constitution.” Indiana Law Journal 89.4 (2014): 8.

Öniş, Ziya. “Turkey and the Arab Revolutions: Boundaries of Regional Power Influence in a Turbulent Middle East.” Mediterranean Politics ahead-of-print (2014): 1-17.

Owen, Roger.  “The Arab ‘demonstration’ effect and the revival of Arab unity in the Arab Spring.” Contemporary Arab Affairs 5 (2012)

Osman, Tarek. “Young Egyptians: Their Society and Their Future.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012),299-324.

Pace, Michelle. “An Arab Spring of a Different Kind: Resilience and Freedom in the Case of an Occupied Nation.” Mediterranean Politics 13 (2013).

Pace, Michelle. “The EU’s Interpretation of the ‘Arab Uprisings: Understanding the Different Visions about Democratic Change in EU-MENA relations.” Journal of Common Market Studies (2014).

Pacznyska, Agnieszka. “Cross-Regional Comparisons: The Arab Uprisings as Political Transitions and Social Movements.” PS 46, no.2 (2013).

Pearlman, Wendy. “Emotions and the Microfoundations of the Arab Uprisings.” Perspectives on Politics 11, no.2 (2013), 387-409.

Perthes, Volker. “Europe and the Arab Spring.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 6 (2011): 73-84.

Pelham, Nicholas. “Libya in the Shadow of Iraq: The ‘Old Guard’ Versus the Thuwwar in the Battle for Stability.” International Peacekeeping 19 (4): 539-548.

Peterson, Mark Allen. “Egypt’s Media Ecology in a Time of Revolution.” Arab Media & Society 14 (2011).

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Phillips, Christopher. “The Arabism Debate and the Arab Uprisings.” Mediterranean Politics 19.1 (2014): 141-144.

Phillips, Christopher. “Syria’s Torment.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 54, no. 4 (2012): 67-82.

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Robertson, Alexa. “Connecting in Crisis: The Old and New Media in the Arab Spring.” International Journal of Press/Politics 18, no.3 (2013): 325-41.

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Saideman, Stephen. “When Conflict Spreads: The Arab Spring and the Limits of Diffusion.” International Interaction 38, no.5 (2012): 713-22.

Sallam, HeshamStriking Back at Egyptian Workers.” Middle East Report 259 (2011): 20-25

Sallam, Hesham. “The Egyptian Revolution and the Politics of Histories.” PS 46, no.2(2013).

Salopek, Paul. “Conflict Graffiti.” Foreign Policy 189 (2011): 94-95.

Salvatore, Armando. “New Media, the “Arab Spring”, and the Metamorphosis of the Public Sphere: Beyond Western Assumptions on Collective Agency and Democratic Politics.” Constellations 20 (2013)

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Sariolghalam, Mahmood. “Transition in the Middle East: New Arab Realities and Iran.” Middle East Policy 20, no.1 (2013).

Al-Sayyad, Nazar and Mejgan Massoumi. “Religious Fundamentalisms in the City: Reflections on the Arab Spring.” Journal of International Affairs 65, no.2 (2012), 31-44.

Al-Sayyad, Nazar and Muna Guvenc. “Virtual Uprisings.” Urban Studies 50, no.14 (2013)

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Schwedler, Jillian. “Spatial Dynamics of the Arab Uprisings.” PS 46, no.2(2013).

Schwedler, Jillian. “Islamists in Power? Inclusion, Moderation and the Arab Uprisings.” Middle East Development Journal 5, no.1 (2013).

Scott, James M., and Ralph G. Carter. “From Cold War to Arab Spring: mapping the effects of paradigm shifts on the nature and dynamics of US democracy assistance to the Middle East and North Africa.” Democratization ahead-of-print (2014): 1-26.

Sedra, Paul. “Reconstituting the Coptic Community Amidst Revolution.” Middle East Report 265 (2012).

El Shakry, Omnia. “Imagining “the Political” Otherwise.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 384-385.

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Shehata, Dina. “The Fall of the Pharaoh: How Hosni Mubarak’s Reign Came to an End.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 3 (2011): 26-32.

Shehata, Dina. “The Arab Uprisings and the Prospects for Building Shared Societies.” Development 57.1 (2014): 84-95.

Shilton, Shiohan. “Art and the Arab Spring: Aesthetics of Revolution in Contemporary Tunisia.” French Cultural Studies 24 (2013)

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Shokr, Ahmad. “Reflections on Two Revolutions.” Middle East Report 265 (2012).

Skalli, Loubna Hanna. “Young women and social media against sexual harassment in North Africa.” The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014): 244-258.

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Singerman, Diane. “Youth, Gender and Dignity in the Egyptian Uprising.” Journal of Middle East Women’s Studies 9, no.3  (2013): 1-27.

Snowdon, Peter. “The Revolution Will be Uploaded: Vernacular Video and the Arab Spring.” Culture Unbound: Journal of Current Cultural Research 6 (2014).

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Worrall, James. “Oman: The forgotten corner of the Arab spring.” Middle East Policy 19, no.3 (2012): 98-115.

Yom, Sean L. and F. Gregory Gause III. “Resilient Royals:  How Arab Monarchies Hang On.” Journal of Democracy 23, no. 4 (2012): 74-90.

Yom, Sean L. “Jordan: The Ruse of Reform.” Journal of Democracy 24, no.3 (2013)

Yom, Sean L. “Tribal Politics in Contemporary Jordan: The Case of the Hirak Movement.” The Middle East Journal 68.2 (2014): 229-247.

Youssef, Mervat, Heba Arafa, and Anup Kumar. “Arab Revolutions: Breaking Fear| Mediating Discourse of Democratic Uprising in Egypt: Militarized Language and the “Battles” of Abbasiyya and Maspero.” International Journal of Communication 8 (2014): 19.

Zeghal, Malika. “Resistance Movements, the State, and National Identities.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 390.

Zemni, Sami. “The Extraordinary Politics of the Tunisian Revolution: The Process of Constitution Making.” Mediterranean Politics ahead-of-print (2014): 1-17.

Zemni, Sami and Koenraad Bogaert. “Urban renewal and social development in Morocco in an age of neoliberal government.” Review of African Political Economy 38 (2011).

Zubaida, Sami. “The Arab spring in the historical context of Middle East politics.” Economy and Society 41, no.4 (2012), 568-579.

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General

September 4, 2012

Last updated: June 30, 2014.

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Byman, Daniel. “Regime Change in the Middle East: Problems and Prospects.” Political Science Quarterly 127, no.1 (2012): 25-46.

Calhoun, Craig.  “Libyan Money, Academic Missions, and Public Social Science.” Public Culture 24, no.1 (2012): 9-45.

Carey, John M. and Andrew Reynolds. “The Impact of Election Systems.” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 4 (2011): 36-47.

Chalcraft, John. “Horizontalism in the Egyptian Revolutionary Process.” Middle East Report 262 (2012): 6-11.

Chomiak, Laryssa. “The Making of a Revolution in Tunisia.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 68-83.

Chomiak, Laryssa and John P. Entelis. “The Making of North Africa’s Intifadas.” Middle East Report 259 (2011): 8-15.

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Dadush, Uri and Michele Dunne. “American and European Responses to the Arab Spring: What’s the Big Idea?” Washington Quarterly 34, no. 4 (2011): 131-145.

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Dajani, Nabil. “Technology Cannot a Revolution Make: Nas-book not Facebook.” Arab Media & Society 15 (2012), available at http://www.arabmediasociety.com/articles/ downloads/20120410222805_Dajani_Nabil.pdf.

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Dickinson, Rob. “Responsibility to Protect: Arab Spring Perspectives.” Buffalo Human Rights Law Review 20(2014): 91-123.

Doran, Michael. “Doran Replies.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 4 (2011): 187-188.

Doran, Michael Scott. “The Heirs of Nasser: Who Will Benefit From the Second Arab Revolution?” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 3 (2011): 17-25.

Dorsey, James. “Pitched Battles: The role of Ultra soccer fans in the Arab Spring.” Mobilization 17, no.4 (2012), 411-418.

Elgindy, Khaled. “Egypt’s Troubled Transition: Elections without Democracy.” Journal of Democracy 35, no. 2 (2012): 89-104.

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Elsadda, Hoda. “Women’s rights activism in post-Jan25 Egypt: Combating the Shadow of the First Lady Syndrom in the Arab World.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 84-93.

Eltantawy, N., & Wiest , J. “Social media in the Egyptian revolution: Reconsidering resource mobilization theory.” International Journal of communication 5 (2011): 1207–1224.

Fadel, Mohammed. “Modernist Political Thought and the Egyptian and Tunisian Revolutions of 2011.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 94-104.

Fahmy, Hazem. “Initial perspective on ‘the winter of discontent’: The root causes of the Egyptian revolution.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 349-378.

Fandy, Mamoun. “Notes from Tahrir Square.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 2 (2011): 221-224.

Filali-Ansary, Abdou. “The Languages of the Arab Revolutions.” Journal of Democracy 23, no. 2 (2012): 5-18.

Fornaciari, F. ‘Framing the Egyptian Revolution: A content analysis of Al Jazeera English and the BBC’, Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research 4 (2011): 223–235.

Gause, F. Gregory, III. “Why Middle East Studies Missed the Arab Spring: The Myth of Authoritarian Stability.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 4 (2011): 81-90.

Gause, F. Gregory III and Ian S. Lustick. “America and the Regional Powers in a Changing Middle East.” Middle East Policy 19, no.2 (2012): 1-9.

Gause, F. Gregory III.  “The Year the Arab Spring Went Bad.”  Foreign Policy (January/February 2013).

Gazzini, Claudia. “Was the Libya Intervention Necessary?” Middle East Report 261 (2011): 2-9.

Genugten, Saskia van. “Libya after Gadhafi.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 3 (2011): 61-74.

El-Ghobashy, Mona. “The Praxis of the Egyptian Revolution.” Middle East Report 258 (2011): 2-13.

El-Ghobashy, Mona. “Politics By Other Means: In Egypt, Street Protests Set the Political Agenda. Boston Review 36:6 (2011): 39-44.

Gillis, Clare Morgan. “The End of History in the New Libya.” Foreign Policy 193 (2012): 105-107.

Goldberg, Ellis. “The Urban Roots of the Arab Spring.” Available at SSRN 2426960 (2014).

Goldstone, Jack A. “Understanding the Revolutions of 2011: Weakness and Resilience in Middle Eastern Autocracies.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 3(2011): 8-16.

Gopnik, Blake. “Revolution in a Can.” Foreign Policy 189 (2011): 92-93.

Gordon, Neve. “A Villa in a Jungle: The Arab Awakening Through the Lens of the Israeli Media.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011), 105-117.

Greffrath, Wynand, and André Duvenhage. “The Arab Spring: Theoretical perspectives on the regimes of North Africa and the Middle East.” South African Journal of International Affairs 21.1 (2014): 27-44.

Guirguis, Magdi. “The Copts and the Egyptian revolution.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012),511-532.

Haddad, Bassam. “The Syrian Regime’s Business Backbone.” Middle East Report 262 (2012): 26-27.

Haddad, Bassam.  “Syria’s Stalemate: The Limits of Regime Resilience.” Middle East Policy 19, no.1 (2012): 85-95.

Hall, Matthew. “Police Impunity in Imbaba.” Middle East Report 265 (2012).

Hamdy, Naila and Ehab Gomaa. “Framing the Egyptian uprising in Arabic language newspapers and social media.” Journal of Communication 62, no.2 (2012): 195-211.

Hamid, Shadi. “The Rise of the Islamists. How Islamists Will Change Politics, and Vice Versa.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 3 (2011): 40-47.

Hart, Peter. “What’s the Line?: Egypt and the Diplomatic Beat.” Middle East Report 258 (2011): 22-23.

Hassan, Robert. “‘Not Ready for Democracy:’ Social Networking and the Power of the People; The Revolts of 2011 in a Temporalized Context.” Arab Media & Society 15 (2012), available at http://www.arabmediasociety.com/articles/downloads/20120410215415_ Hassan_Robert.pdf.

Hatem, Mervat. “Gender and Revolution in Egypt.” Middle East Report 261 (2011): 36-41.

Haugbølle, Rikke Hostrup and Francesco Cavatorta. “Beyond Ghannouchi: Islamism and Social Change in Tunisia.” Middle East Report 262 (2012): 20-25.

Hamdy, Sherine. “Strength and vulnerability after Egypt’s Arab Spring uprisings.” American Ethnologist 39, no.1 (2012): 38-43.

Hazran, Yusri. “The Arab Revolutions: A Preliminary Reading.” Middle East Policy 19, no.3 (2012): 116-124.

Hellyer, H. A. “The Chance for Change in the Arab World: Egypt’s Uprising.” International Affairs 87, no. 6 (2011): 1313-1322.

Hermez, Sami. “On Dignity and Clientelism: Lebanon in the Context of the 2011 Arab Revolutions.” Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism 11: 3 (2011): 527-537.

Hinnebusch, Raymond. “Syria: From ‘Authoritarian Upgrading’ to Revolution?” International Affairs 88, no. 1 (2012): 95-113.

Hoffmann, Michael and Amaney Jamal. “The Youth and the Arab Spring: Cohort Differences and Similarities.” Middle East Law and Governance 4 (2012)

Hokayem, Emile. “Syria and its Neighbours.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 54, no. 2 (2012): 7-14.

Hollis, Rosemary. “No Friend of Democratization: Europe’s Role in the Genesis of the ‘Arab Spring.’” International Affairs 88, no. 1 (2012): 81-94.

Holmes, Amy Austin. “There are weeks when decades happen: Structure and strategy in the Egyptian revolution.” Mobilization 17, no.4 (2012), 391-410.

Hounshell, Blake. “Opening Gambit: The Revolution Will Be Tweeted.” Foreign Policy 187 (2011): 20-22.

Howard, Philip N. and Muzammil M. Hussain. “The Role of Digital Media.” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 3 (2011): 35-48.

Ibish, Hussein. “Was the Arab Spring Worth It?” Foreign Policy 194 (2012): 92-93.

Inbar, Efraim. “Israel’s National Security Amidst Unrest in the Arab World.” Washington Quarterly  35, no. 3 (2012): 59-73.

Ismail, Salwa. “The Syrian Uprising: Imagining and Performing the Nation.” Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism 11: 3 (2011): 538-549.

Ismail, Salwa. “The Egyptian revolution against the police.” Social Research 79, no.2 (2012), 435-464.

Joffe, George. The Arab spring in North Africa: origins and prospectsThe Journal of North African Studies, 16, no.4 (2011): 507-535.

Johnstone, Sarah and Jeffrey Mazo,. “Global Warming and the Arab Spring.” Survival 53, no. 2 (2011): 11-17.

Jones, Bruce D. “Libya and the Responsibilities of Power.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 3 (2011): 51-60.

Jones, Toby.  “America, Oil and War in the Middle East.” Journal of American History 99, no.1 (2012): 208-218.

Karawan, Ibrahim A. “Politics and the Army in Egypt.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 2 (2011): 43-50.

Kaye, Dalia Dassa and Frederic Wehrey. “Arab Spring, Persian Winter: Will Iran Emerge the Winner from the Arab Revolt?” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 4 (2011): 183-186.

Keddie, Nikki R. “Arab and Iranian Revolts 1979-2011: Influences or Similar Causes? International Journal of Middle East Studies 44, no. 1 (2012): 150-152.

Keshavarzian, Arang. “Beyond 1979 and 2011: When Comparisons Distract.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 44, no. 1 (2012): 159-161.

Khamis, Sahar and Katherine Vaughn. “Cyberactivism in the Egyptian Revolution: How Civic Engagement and Citizen Journalism Tilted the Balance.” Arab Media & Society 13 (2011), available at http://www.arabmediasociety.com/?article=769.

Khamis, Sahar, Paul B. Gold, and Katherine Vaughn. “Beyond Egypt’s ‘Facebook Revolution’ and Syria’s ‘YouTube Uprising:’ Comparing Political Contexts, Actors and Communication Strategies.” Arab Media & Society 15 (2012), available at http://www. arabmediasociety.com/articles/downloads/20120407120519_khamis_gold_vaughn.pdf.

Khamis, S., & Vaughn, K. “We Are All Khaled Said: The potentials and limitations of cyberactivism in triggering public mobilization and promoting political change”. Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research, 4 (2012): 145-163.

Köprülü, Nur. “Jordan since the Uprisings: Between Change and Stability.” Middle East Policy 21.2 (2014): 111-126.

Kurzman, Charles. “The Arab Spring: Ideals of the Iranian Green Movement, Methods of the Iranian Revolution.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 44, no. 1 (2012): 162-165.

Kurzman, Charels. “The Arab Spring Uncoiled.” Mobilization 17, no.4 (2012), 377-390.

Lacroix, Stéphane. “Is Saudi Arabia Immune?” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 4 (2011): 48-59.

Lahlali, El Mustapha. “The Arab Spring and the Discourse of Desperation: Shifting from an Authoritarian Discourse to a Democratic One.” Arab Media & Society 14 (2011), available at http://www.arabmediasociety.com/articles/downloads/20110531110744_Lahlali.pdf.

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Leenders, Reinoud and Steven Heydemann. “Popular Mobilization in Syria: Opportunity and Threat, and the Social Networks of Early Risers.” Mediterranean Politics 17, no.2 (2012): 139-159.

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Louër, Laurence. “A Decline of Identity Politics. International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 389-390.

Lutterbeck, Derek. “Arab uprisigns, armed forces, and civil-military relations.” Armed Forces and Society 39, no.1 (2013), 28-54.

Lynch, Marc. “After Egypt: The Limits and Promise of Online Challenges to the Authoritarian Arab.” Perspectives on Politics 9, no. 2 (2011): 301-310.

Lynch, Marc. “America and Egypt After the Uprisings.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 2 (2011): 31-42.

Lynch, Marc. “The Big Think Behind the Arab Spring.” Foreign Policy 190 (2011): 46-47.

Mallat, Chibli. “The Philosophy of the Mideast Revolution, Take One: Non-Violence.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011) 136–147

Marshall, Shana and Joshua Stacher. “Egypt’s Generals and Transnational Capital.” Middle East Report 262 (2012): 12-18.

Martini, Jeff and Julie Taylor. “Commanding Democracy in Egypt: The Military’s Attempt to Manage the Future.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 5 (2011): 127-137.

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Marzouki, Nadia. “The call for dignity, or a particular universalism.” Middle East Law and Governance 3 (2011) 148–158

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Moghadam, Valentine. “Engendering Democracy.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 387.

Mohns, Erik and Andre Bank.  “Syrian revolt fallout: End of the Resistance axis?” Middle East Policy 19, no.3 (2012): 25-36.

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Perthes, Volker. “Europe and the Arab Spring.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 6 (2011): 73-84.

Peterson, Mark Allen. “Egypt’s Media Ecology in a Time of Revolution.” Arab Media & Society 14 (2011), available at http://www.arabmediasociety.com/articles/downloads/ 20110531103710_Peterson.pdf.

PeutzNathalie. “Revolution in Socotra: A Perspective from Yemen’s Periphery.” Middle East Report 263 (2012): 14-16.

Pelham, Nicholas. “Libya in the Shadow of Iraq: The ‘Old Guard’ Versus the Thuwwar in the Battle for Stability.” International Peacekeeping 19 (4): 539-548.

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Zeghal, Malika. “Resistance Movements, the State, and National Identities.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 43, no. 3 (2011): 390.

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Authoritarianism

September 4, 2012

Ambrosio, Thomas. “Democratic states and authoritarian firewalls: America as a black knight in the uprising in Bahrain.” Contemporary Politics ahead-of-print (2014): 1-16.

Bellin, Eva. “Reconsidering the Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Lessons from the Arab Spring.” Comparative Politics 44, no. 2 (2012): 127-149.

Gause, F. Gregory, III. “Why Middle East Studies Missed the Arab Spring: The Myth of Authoritarian Stability.” Foreign Affairs 90, no. 4 (2011): 81-90.

Hinnebusch, Raymond. “Syria: From ‘Authoritarian Upgrading’ to Revolution?” International Affairs 88, no. 1 (2012): 95-113.

Josua, Maria, and Mirjam Edel. “To Repress or Not to Repress—Regime Survival Strategies in the Arab Spring.” Terrorism and Political Violence ahead-of-print (2014): 1-21.

Masoud, Tarek. “The Road to (and from) Liberation Square.” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 3 (2011): 20-34.

Volpi, Frederic. “Explaining (and Re-Explaining) Political Change in the Middle East During the Arab Spring: Trajectories of Democratization and of Authoritarianism in the Maghreb.” Democratization. Forthcoming.

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Arts & Culture

September 4, 2012

Gopnik, Blake. “Revolution in a Can.” Foreign Policy 189 (2011): 92-93.

Labidi, Lilia. “Political, aesthetic, and ethical positions of Tunisian women artists, 2011–13.” The Journal of North African Studies 19.2 (2014): 157-171.

Lennon, John. “Assembling a revolution: Graffiti, Cairo and the Arab spring.” Cultural Studies Review 20.1 (2014): 237-75.

Massad, Joseph. “Love, Fear, and the Arab Spring.” Public Culture 26.1 72 (2014): 127-152.

Peutz, Nathalie. “Revolution in Socotra: A Perspective from Yemen’s Periphery.” Middle East Report 263 (2012): 14-16.

Salopek, Paul. “Conflict Graffiti.” Foreign Policy 189 (2011): 94-95.

Schaefer, John. “Protest Song Marocaine.” Middle East Report 263 (2012): 26-32.

Tuastad, Dag. “From football riot to revolution. The political role of football in the Arab world.” Soccer & Society 15.3 (2014): 376-388.

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Civil Society

September 4, 2012

Barnartt, Sharon N. “The Arab Spring Protests and Concurrent Disability Protests: Social Movement Spillover or Spurious Relationship?” Studies in Social Justice 8.1 (2014): 67-78.

Basok, Tanya. “Reclaiming Democracy and Social Justice: The Arab Spring, Occupy, and Radical Imaginaries in the 21st Century.” Studies in Social Justice 8.1 (2014): 1-4.

Batniji, Rajaie, et al. “Governance and health in the Arab world.” The Lancet 383.9914 (2014): 343-355.

Beinin, Joel. “Civil Society, NGOs, and Egypt’s 2011 Popular Uprising.” South Atlantic Quarterly 113.2 (2014): 396-406.

Howard, Philip N. and Muzammil M. Hussain. “The Role of Digital Media.” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 3 (2011): 35-48.

Khamis, Sahar and Katherine Vaughn. “Cyberactivism in the Egyptian Revolution: How Civic Engagement and Citizen Journalism Tilted the Balance.” Arab Media & Society 13 (2011), available at http://www.arabmediasociety.com/?article=769.

Mittermaier, Amira. “Bread, Freedom, Social Justice: The Egyptian Uprising and a Sufi Khidma.” Cultural Anthropology 29.1 (2014): 54-79.

 

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Clientelism

September 4, 2012

Hermez, Sami. “On Dignity and Clientelism: Lebanon in the Context of the 2011 Arab Revolutions.” Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism 11: 3 (2011): 527-537.

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Civil War

September 4, 2012

Barry, Ben. “Libya’s Lessons.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 53, no. 5 (2011): 5-14.

Phillips, Christopher. “Syria’s Torment.” Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 54, no. 4 (2012): 67-82.

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Amanat, Abbas. “The Spring of Hope and Winter of Despair.”  International Journal of Middle East Studies 44, no. 1 (2012): 147-149.

Goldstone, Jack A. “Understanding the Revolutions of 2011: Weakness and Resilience in Middle Eastern Autocracies.” Foreign Affairs90, no. 3(2011): 8-16.

Keddie, Nikki R. “Arab and Iranian Revolts 1979-2011: Influences or Similar Causes? International Journal of Middle East Studies 44, no. 1 (2012): 150-152.

Keshavarzian, Arang. “Beyond 1979 and 2011: When Comparisons Distract.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 44, no. 1 (2012): 159-161.

Kurzman, Charles. “The Arab Spring: Ideals of the Iranian Green Movement, Methods of the Iranian Revolution.” International Journal of Middle East Studies 44, no. 1 (2012): 162-165.

Way, Lucan. “The Lessons of 1989.” Journal of Democracy 22, no. 4 (2011): 13-23.

Weyland, Kurt. “The Arab Spring: Why the Surprising Similarities with the Revolutionary Wave of 1848?” Perspectives on Politics 10, no. 4 (2012): 917-934.

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Democratic Transitions

September 4, 2012

Carapico, Sheila. “Demonstrators, Dialogues, Drones and Dialectics.” Middle East Report 269 (2013): 21-25.

Diamond, Larry, et al. “Reconsidering the Transition Paradigm.” Journal of Democracy 25.1 (2014): 86-100.

Haugbølle, Rikke Hostrup and Francesco Cavatorta. “Beyond Ghannouchi: Islamism and Social Change in Tunisia.” Middle East Report 262 (2012): 20-25.

Isaac, Sally Khalifa. “The Egyptian Transition, 2011–13: How Strategic to Europe?” Middle East Policy 21.1 (2014): 154-165.

Nossett, James Michael. “Free Exercise After the Arab Spring: Protecting Egypt’s Religious Minorities Under the Country’s New Constitution.” Indiana Law Journal 89.4 (2014): 8.

Stepan, Alfred. “Tunisia’s Transition and the Twin Tolerations.” Journal of Democracy 23, no. 2 (2012): 89-103.

Szmolka, Inmaculada. “Political Change in North Africa and the Arab Middle East: Constitutional Reforms and Electoral Processes.” Arab Studies Quarterly 36.2 (2014): 128-148.

Valbjørn, Morten. “Three Ways of Revisiting the (post-) Democratization Debate After the Arab Uprisings.” Mediterranean Politics 19.1 (2014).

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© 2011. Project on Middle East Political Science. All rights reserved.